w3resource logo
C Programming Exercises

C Exercises: Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes

C Linked List : Exercise-3 with Solution

Write a program in C to create a singly linked list of n nodes and count the number of nodes.

Sample Solution:

C Code:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>


struct node 
{
    int num;                    //Data of the node
    struct node *nextptr;       //Address of the node
}*stnode;

void createNodeList(int n);     //function to create the list
int NodeCount();	            //function to count the nodes
void displayList();             //function to display the list

int main()
{
    int n,totalNode;
		printf("\n\n Linked List : Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes :\n");
		printf("------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n");
    printf(" Input the number of nodes : ");
    scanf("%d", &n);
    createNodeList(n);
    printf("\n Data entered in the list are : \n");		
    displayList();
    totalNode = NodeCount();
    printf("\n Total number of nodes = %d\n", totalNode);
    return 0;
}
void createNodeList(int n)
{
    struct node *fnNode, *tmp;
    int num, i;
    stnode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    if(stnode == NULL) //check whether the stnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
    {
        printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
    }
    else
    {
// reads data for the node through keyboard
        printf(" Input data for node 1 : ");
        scanf("%d", &num);
        stnode-> num = num;      
        stnode-> nextptr = NULL; //Links the address field to NULL
        tmp = stnode;
//Creates n nodes and adds to linked list
        for(i=2; i<=n; i++)
        {
            fnNode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
            if(fnNode == NULL) //check whether the fnnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
            {
                printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                printf(" Input data for node %d : ", i);
                scanf(" %d", &num);
                fnNode->num = num;      // links the num field of fnNode with num
                fnNode->nextptr = NULL; // links the address field of fnNode with NULL
                tmp->nextptr = fnNode; // links previous node i.e. tmp to the fnNode
                tmp = tmp->nextptr;
            }
        }
    }
} 

int NodeCount()
{
    int ctr = 0;
    struct node *tmp;
    tmp = stnode;
    while(tmp != NULL)
    {
        ctr++;
        tmp = tmp->nextptr;
    }
    return ctr;
}
void displayList()
{
    struct node *tmp;
    if(stnode == NULL)
    {
        printf(" No data found in the list.");
    }
    else
    {
        tmp = stnode;
        while(tmp != NULL)
        {
            printf(" Data = %d\n", tmp->num);   // prints the data of current node
            tmp = tmp->nextptr;                 // advances the position of current node
        }
    }
} 

Sample Output:

 Linked List : Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes :                                    
------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                
 Input the number of nodes : 3                                                                                
 Input data for node 1 : 5                                                                                    
 Input data for node 2 : 6                                                                                    
 Input data for node 3 : 7                                                                                    
                                                                                                              
 Data entered in the list are :                                                                               
 Data = 5                                                                                                     
 Data = 6                                                                                                     
 Data = 7                                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
 Total number of nodes = 3 

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes

createNodeList() :

Flowchart: Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes

NodeCount() :

Flowchart: Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes

displayList() :

Flowchart: Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes

C Programming Code Editor:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>


struct node 
{
    int num;                    //Data of the node
    struct node *nextptr;       //Address of the node
}*stnode;

void createNodeList(int n);     //function to create the list
int NodeCount();	            //function to count the nodes
void displayList();             //function to display the list

int main()
{
    int n,totalNode;
		printf("\n\n Linked List : Create a singly linked list and count the number of nodes :\n");
		printf("------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n");
    printf(" Input the number of nodes : ");
    scanf("%d", &n);
    createNodeList(n);
    printf("\n Data entered in the list are : \n");		
    displayList();
    totalNode = NodeCount();
    printf("\n Total number of nodes = %d\n", totalNode);
    return 0;
}
void createNodeList(int n)
{
    struct node *fnNode, *tmp;
    int num, i;
    stnode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    if(stnode == NULL) //check whether the stnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
    {
        printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
    }
    else
    {
// reads data for the node through keyboard
        printf(" Input data for node 1 : ");
        scanf("%d", &num);
        stnode-> num = num;      
        stnode-> nextptr = NULL; //Links the address field to NULL
        tmp = stnode;
//Creates n nodes and adds to linked list
        for(i=2; i<=n; i++)
        {
            fnNode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
            if(fnNode == NULL) //check whether the fnnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
            {
                printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                printf(" Input data for node %d : ", i);
                scanf(" %d", &num);
                fnNode->num = num;      // links the num field of fnNode with num
                fnNode->nextptr = NULL; // links the address field of fnNode with NULL
                tmp->nextptr = fnNode; // links previous node i.e. tmp to the fnNode
                tmp = tmp->nextptr;
            }
        }
    }
} 

int NodeCount()
{
    int ctr = 0;
    struct node *tmp;
    tmp = stnode;
    while(tmp != NULL)
    {
        ctr++;
        tmp = tmp->nextptr;
    }
    return ctr;
}
void displayList()
{
    struct node *tmp;
    if(stnode == NULL)
    {
        printf(" No data found in the list.");
    }
    else
    {
        tmp = stnode;
        while(tmp != NULL)
        {
            printf(" Data = %d\n", tmp->num);   // prints the data of current node
            tmp = tmp->nextptr;                 // advances the position of current node
        }
    }
} 

Improve this sample solution and post your code through Disqus.