w3resource logo


C Programming Exercises

C Exercises: Delete first node of Singly Linked List

Secondary Nav

C Linked List : Exercise-7 with Solution

Write a program in C to delete first node of Singly Linked List.
Test Data :
Input the number of nodes : 3
Input data for node 1 : 2
Input data for node 2 : 3
Input data for node 3 : 4
Expected Output :

 Data entered in the list are :                                                                               
 Data = 2                                                                                                     
 Data = 3                                                                                                     
 Data = 4                                                                                                     
                                                                                                              
 Data of node 1 which is being deleted is :  2                                                                
                                                                                                              
 Data, after deletion of first node :                                                                         
 Data = 3                                                                                                     
 Data = 4 

C Code:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

struct node 
{
    int num;                    //Data of the node
    struct node *nextptr;       //Address of the node
}*stnode;

void createNodeList(int n);     //function to create the list
void FirstNodeDeletion();	    //function to delete the first node
void displayList();             //function to display the list

int main()
{
    int n,num,pos;
		printf("\n\n Linked List : Delete first node of Singly Linked List :\n");
		printf("------------------------------------------------------------\n");
    printf(" Input the number of nodes : ");
    scanf("%d", &n);
    createNodeList(n);
    printf("\n Data entered in the list are : \n");		
    displayList();
    FirstNodeDeletion();
    printf("\n Data, after deletion of first node : \n");		
    displayList();
    return 0;
}
void createNodeList(int n)
{
    struct node *fnNode, *tmp;
    int num, i;
    stnode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    if(stnode == NULL) 			//check whether the stnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
    {
        printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
    }
    else
    {
// reads data for the node through keyboard
        printf(" Input data for node 1 : ");
        scanf("%d", &num);
        stnode-> num = num;      
        stnode-> nextptr = NULL; //Links the address field to NULL
        tmp = stnode;
//Creates n nodes and adds to linked list
        for(i=2; i<=n; i++)
        {
            fnNode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
            if(fnNode == NULL) 			//check whether the fnnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
            {
                printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                printf(" Input data for node %d : ", i);
                scanf(" %d", &num);
                fnNode->num = num;      // links the num field of fnNode with num
                fnNode->nextptr = NULL; // links the address field of fnNode with NULL
                 tmp->nextptr = fnNode; // links previous node i.e. tmp to the fnNode
                tmp = tmp->nextptr;
            }
        }
    }
} 

void FirstNodeDeletion()
{
    struct node *toDelptr;
    if(stnode == NULL)
    {
        printf(" There are no node in the list.");
    }
    else
    {
        toDelptr = stnode;
        stnode = stnode->nextptr;
        printf("\n Data of node 1 which is being deleted is :  %d\n", toDelptr->num);
        free(toDelptr);  // Clears the memory occupied by first node
    }
}


void displayList()
{
    struct node *tmp;
    if(stnode == NULL)
    {
        printf(" No data found in the list.");
    }
    else
    {
        tmp = stnode;
        while(tmp != NULL)
        {
            printf(" Data = %d\n", tmp->num);   // prints the data of current node
            tmp = tmp->nextptr;                 // advances the position of current node
        }
    }
}

Flowchart :

Flowchart: Delete first node of Singly Linked List

createNodeList():

Flowchart: Delete first node of Singly Linked List

FirstNodeDeletion() :

Flowchart: Delete first node of Singly Linked List

displayList() :

Flowchart: Delete first node of Singly Linked List

C Practice online:


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

struct node 
{
    int num;                    //Data of the node
    struct node *nextptr;       //Address of the node
}*stnode;

void createNodeList(int n);     //function to create the list
void FirstNodeDeletion();	    //function to delete the first node
void displayList();             //function to display the list

int main()
{
    int n,num,pos;
		printf("\n\n Linked List : Delete first node of Singly Linked List :\n");
		printf("------------------------------------------------------------\n");
    printf(" Input the number of nodes : ");
    scanf("%d", &n);
    createNodeList(n);
    printf("\n Data entered in the list are : \n");		
    displayList();
    FirstNodeDeletion();
    printf("\n Data, after deletion of first node : \n");		
    displayList();
    return 0;
}
void createNodeList(int n)
{
    struct node *fnNode, *tmp;
    int num, i;
    stnode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    if(stnode == NULL) 			//check whether the stnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
    {
        printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
    }
    else
    {
// reads data for the node through keyboard
        printf(" Input data for node 1 : ");
        scanf("%d", &num);
        stnode-> num = num;      
        stnode-> nextptr = NULL; //Links the address field to NULL
        tmp = stnode;
//Creates n nodes and adds to linked list
        for(i=2; i<=n; i++)
        {
            fnNode = (struct node *)malloc(sizeof(struct node));
            if(fnNode == NULL) 			//check whether the fnnode is NULL and if so no memory allocation
            {
                printf(" Memory can not be allocated.");
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                printf(" Input data for node %d : ", i);
                scanf(" %d", &num);
                fnNode->num = num;      // links the num field of fnNode with num
                fnNode->nextptr = NULL; // links the address field of fnNode with NULL
                 tmp->nextptr = fnNode; // links previous node i.e. tmp to the fnNode
                tmp = tmp->nextptr;
            }
        }
    }
} 

void FirstNodeDeletion()
{
    struct node *toDelptr;
    if(stnode == NULL)
    {
        printf(" There are no node in the list.");
    }
    else
    {
        toDelptr = stnode;
        stnode = stnode->nextptr;
        printf("\n Data of node 1 which is being deleted is :  %d\n", toDelptr->num);
        free(toDelptr);  // Clears the memory occupied by first node
    }
}


void displayList()
{
    struct node *tmp;
    if(stnode == NULL)
    {
        printf(" No data found in the list.");
    }
    else
    {
        tmp = stnode;
        while(tmp != NULL)
        {
            printf(" Data = %d\n", tmp->num);   // prints the data of current node
            tmp = tmp->nextptr;                 // advances the position of current node
        }
    }
}

Improve this sample solution and post your code through Disqus.



Join our Question Answer community to learn and share your programming knowledge.

Help the community:

Python: Fizzbuzz

C++: Decimal to binary conversion

JavaScript: Need Help in JavaScript

Python: Help me with this program