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MySQL SUBDATE function

MySQL SUBDATE() function

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Description

MySQL SUBDATE() subtracts a time value (as interval) from a given date.

DATE_SUB() and SUBDATE are synonyms of SUBDATE().

Syntax :

SUBDATE(date, INTERVAL expr unit)

Arguments

Name Description
date A date value.
INTERVAL Keyword.
expr A date or datetime expression or a number.
unit An unit, described in the following table.

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Pictorial Presentation

Pictorial Presentation of MySQL SUBDATE() function

Example: MySQL SUBDATE() function

The following statement will return a date after subtracting 10 days (notice that INTERVAL keyword is used) from the specified date 2008-05-15.

SELECT SUBDATE('2008-05-15', INTERVAL 10 DAY);

Output

mysql> SELECT SUBDATE('2008-05-15', INTERVAL 10 DAY);
+----------------------------------------+
| SUBDATE('2008-05-15', INTERVAL 10 DAY) |
+----------------------------------------+
| 2008-05-05                             | 
+----------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

PHP script

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>example-SUBDATE-function - php mysql examples | w3resource</title>
<meta name="description" content="example-SUBDATE-function - php mysql examples | w3resource">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
<div class="row">
<div class="col-md-12">
<h2>Calculate a date after subtracting 10 days from 2008-05-15:</h2>
<table class='table table-bordered'>
<tr>
<th>Calculated output</th>
</tr>
<?php
$hostname="your_hostname";
$username="your_username";
$password="your_password";
$db = "your_dbname";
$dbh = new PDO("mysql:host=$hostname;dbname=$db", $username, $password);
foreach($dbh->query('SELECT SUBDATE("2008-05-15", INTERVAL 10 DAY)') as $row) {
echo "<tr>";
echo "<td>" . $row['SUBDATE("2008-05-15", INTERVAL 10 DAY)'] . "</td>";
echo "</tr>";
}
?>
</tbody></table>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>
 

View the example in browser

JSP script

<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ page import="java.sql.*" %>
<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>example-subdate-function</title>
</head>
<body>
<%
try {
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver").newInstance();
String Host = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/w3resour_bookinfo";
Connection connection = null;
Statement statement = null;
ResultSet rs = null;
connection = DriverManager.getConnection(Host, "root", "datasoft123");
statement = connection.createStatement();
String Data ="SELECT SUBDATE('2008-05-15', INTERVAL 10 DAY)";
rs = statement.executeQuery(Data);
%>
<TABLE border="1">
<tr width="10" bgcolor="#9979">
<td>Calculated output</td>
</tr>
<%
while (rs.next()) {
%>
<TR>
<TD><%=rs.getString("SUBDATE('2008-05-15', INTERVAL 10 DAY)")%></TD>
</TR>
<%   }    %>
</table>
<%
rs.close();
statement.close();
connection.close();
} catch (Exception ex) {
out.println("Can’t connect to database.");
}
%>
</body>
</html>

Example : SUBDATE() function without INTERVAL keyword

The following statement will return a date after subtracting 10 days (notice that INTERVAL keyword is not used) from the specified date 2008-05-15.

SELECT SUBDATE('2008-05-15', 10);

Output

mysql> SELECT SUBDATE('2008-05-15', 10);
+---------------------------+
| SUBDATE('2008-05-15', 10) |
+---------------------------+
| 2008-05-05                | 
+---------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

PHP script

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>example1-SUBDATE-function - php mysql examples | w3resource</title>
<meta name="description" content="example1-SUBDATE-function - php mysql examples | w3resource">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
<div class="row">
<div class="col-md-12">
<h2>Calculate a date after subtracting 10 days from 2008-05-15:</h2>
<table class='table table-bordered'>
<tr>
<th>Calculated output</th>
</tr>
<?php
$hostname="your_hostname";
$username="your_username";
$password="your_password";
$db = "your_dbname";
$dbh = new PDO("mysql:host=$hostname;dbname=$db", $username, $password);
foreach($dbh->query('SELECT SUBDATE("2008-05-15", 10)') as $row) {
echo "<tr>";
echo "<td>" . $row['SUBDATE("2008-05-15", 10)'] . "</td>";
echo "</tr>";
}
?>
</tbody></table>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

View the example in browser

All Date and Time Functions :

Click here to see the MySQL Date and time functions.



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