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Sql distinct multiple columns

SQL SELECT with DISTINCT on multiple columns

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Description

Multiple fields may also be added with DISTINCT clause. DISTINCT will eliminate those rows where all the selected fields are identical.

Table of contents:

Example : Sample SELECT statement

Here is an simple query on some selected columns in orders table where agent_code='A002'

Sample table : orders

SELECT agent_code, ord_amount, cust_code, ord_num
FROM orders 
WHERE agent_code='A002';

Output

AGENT_CODE ORD_AMOUNT CUST_CODE     ORD_NUM
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
A002             2500 C00005         200106
A002              500 C00022         200123
A002              500 C00009         200120
A002              500 C00022         200126
A002             3500 C00009         200128
A002             1200 C00009         200133
A002             4000 C00022         200113

The above result shows the same agent_code, ord_amount and cust_code appears more than once in the orders table.

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Example : SELECT with DISTINCT on two columns

To get the identical rows (based on two columns agent_code and ord_amount) once from the orders table, the following sql statement can be used :

SELECT  DISTINCT agent_code,ord_amount
FROM orders 
WHERE agent_code='A002';

Output

AGENT_CODE ORD_AMOUNT
---------- ----------
A002             3500
A002             1200
A002             4000
A002              500
A002             2500

Pictorial presentation :

sql distinct on two multiple columns

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Example : SELECT with DISTINCT on three columns

To get the identical rows (based on three columns agent_code, ord_amount and cust_code) once from the orders table , the following sql statement can be used :

SELECT  DISTINCT agent_code, ord_amount,cust_code
FROM orders 
WHERE agent_code='A002';

Output

AGENT_CODE ORD_AMOUNT CUST_CODE
---------- ---------- ----------
A002              500 C00022
A002             3500 C00009
A002             2500 C00005
A002              500 C00009
A002             4000 C00022
A002             1200 C00009

Pictorial presentation :

sql distinct on two multiple columns

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Example : SELECT with DISTINCT on all columns of the first query

To get the identical rows (on four columns agent_code, ord_amount, cust_code and ord_num) once from the orders table , the following sql statement can be used :

SELECT DISTINCT agent_code,ord_amount,cust_code,ord_num  
FROM orders 
WHERE agent_code='A002';

Output

AGENT_CODE ORD_AMOUNT CUST_CODE     ORD_NUM
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
A002              500 C00022         200126
A002             2500 C00005         200106
A002              500 C00009         200120
A002             1200 C00009         200133
A002             4000 C00022         200113
A002             3500 C00009         200128
A002              500 C00022         200123

In the above output, all rows whose agent_code is 'A002' have returned because there is no identical rows on agent_code, ord_amount, cust_code and ord_num. See the following presentation :

Pictorial presentation :

no distinct query

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SELECT with DISTINCT on multiple columns and ORDER BY clause

You can use an order by clause in select statement with distinct on multiple columns. Here is an example :

SELECT  DISTINCT agent_code,ord_amount
FROM orders 
WHERE agent_code='A002' 
ORDER BY ord_amount;

Output

AGENT_CODE ORD_AMOUNT
---------- ----------
A002              500
A002             1200
A002             2500
A002             3500
A002             4000

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COUNT() function and SELECT with DISTINCT on multiple columns

You can use count() function in a select statement with distinct on multiple columns to count the distinct rows. Here is an example :

SELECT COUNT(*) 
FROM (
SELECT  DISTINCT agent_code, ord_amount,cust_code
FROM orders 
WHERE agent_code='A002');

Output

  COUNT(*)
----------
         6

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