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Python: Get all possible two digit letter combinations from a digit string

Python Basic - 1: Exercise-13 with Solution

Write a Python program to get all possible two digit letter combinations from a digit (1 to 9) string.

string_maps = {
"1": "abc",
"2": "def",
"3": "ghi",
"4": "jkl",
"5": "mno",
"6": "pqrs",
"7": "tuv",
"8": "wxy",
"9": "z"
}

Pictorial Presentation:

Python:  Get all possible two digit letter combinations from a digit string

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

def letter_combinations(digits):
    if digits == "":
        return []
    string_maps = {
        "1": "abc",
        "2": "def",
        "3": "ghi",
        "4": "jkl",
        "5": "mno",
        "6": "pqrs",
        "7": "tuv",
        "8": "wxy",
        "9": "z"
    }
    result = [""]
    for num in digits:
        temp = []
        for an in result:
            for char in string_maps[num]:
                temp.append(an + char)
        result = temp
    return result

digit_string = "47"
print(letter_combinations(digit_string))
digit_string = "29"
print(letter_combinations(digit_string))

Sample Output:

['jt', 'ju', 'jv', 'kt', 'ku', 'kv', 'lt', 'lu', 'lv']
['dz', 'ez', 'fz']

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Python - Get all possible two digit letter combinations from a digit string

Visualize Python code execution:

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Python: Tips of the Day

Iterating over dictionaries using 'for' loops:

I am a bit puzzled by the following code: d = {'x': 1, 'y': 2, 'z': 3} for key in d: print key, 'corresponds to', d[key] What I don't understand is the key portion. How does Python recognize ...

key is just a variable name.

for key in d:

For Python 3.x:

for key, value in d.items():

For Python 2.x:

for key, value in d.iteritems():

To test for yourself, change the word key to poop.

In Python 3.x, iteritems() was replaced with simply items(), which returns a set-like view backed by the dict, like iteritems() but even better. This is also available in 2.7 as viewitems().

The operation items() will work for both 2 and 3, but in 2 it will return a list of the dictionary's (key, value) pairs, which will not reflect changes to the dict that happen after the items() call. If you want the 2.x behavior in 3.x, you can call list(d.items()).

Ref: https://bit.ly/37dm0Qo