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Python: Create all possible permutations from a given collection of distinct numbers

Python Basic - 1: Exercise-12 with Solution

Write a Python program to create all possible permutations from a given collection of distinct numbers.

Pictorial Presentation:

Python: Create all possible permutations from a given collection of distinct numbers

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

def permute(nums):
  result_perms = [[]]
  for n in nums:
    new_perms = []
    for perm in result_perms:
      for i in range(len(perm)+1):
        new_perms.append(perm[:i] + [n] + perm[i:])
        result_perms = new_perms
  return result_perms

my_nums = [1,2,3]
print("Original Cofllection: ",my_nums)
print("Collection of distinct numbers:\n",permute(my_nums))

Sample Output:

Original Cofllection:  [1, 2, 3]
Collection of distinct numbers:
 [[3, 2, 1], [2, 3, 1], [2, 1, 3], [3, 1, 2], [1, 3, 2], [1, 2, 3]]

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Python - Create all possible permutations from a given collection of distinct numbers

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Previous: Write a Python program to check the sum of three elements (each from an array) from three arrays is equal to a target value. Print all those three-element combinations.
Next: Write a Python program to get all possible two digit letter combinations from a digit (1 to 9) string.

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Python: Tips of the Day

Iterating over dictionaries using 'for' loops:

I am a bit puzzled by the following code: d = {'x': 1, 'y': 2, 'z': 3} for key in d: print key, 'corresponds to', d[key] What I don't understand is the key portion. How does Python recognize ...

key is just a variable name.

for key in d:

For Python 3.x:

for key, value in d.items():

For Python 2.x:

for key, value in d.iteritems():

To test for yourself, change the word key to poop.

In Python 3.x, iteritems() was replaced with simply items(), which returns a set-like view backed by the dict, like iteritems() but even better. This is also available in 2.7 as viewitems().

The operation items() will work for both 2 and 3, but in 2 it will return a list of the dictionary's (key, value) pairs, which will not reflect changes to the dict that happen after the items() call. If you want the 2.x behavior in 3.x, you can call list(d.items()).

Ref: https://bit.ly/37dm0Qo