﻿ Python: Compute the radius and the central coordinate (x, y) of a circle which is constructed by three given points on the plane surface - w3resource

# Python: Compute the radius and the central coordinate (x, y) of a circle which is constructed by three given points on the plane surface

## Python Basic - 1: Exercise-39 with Solution

Write a program to compute the radius and the central coordinate (x, y) of a circle which is constructed from three given points on the plane surface.

Input:
x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3 separated by a single space.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

``````# Prompt the user to input three coordinates of the circle
print("Input three coordinates of the circle:")
x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3 = map(float, input().split())

# Calculate distances between points
c = (x1 - x2)**2 + (y1 - y2)**2
a = (x2 - x3)**2 + (y2 - y3)**2
b = (x3 - x1)**2 + (y3 - y1)**2

# Calculate the cross-product
s = 2 * (a * b + b * c + c * a) - (a**2 + b**2 + c**2)

# Calculate the central coordinate of the circle
px = (a * (b + c - a) * x1 + b * (c + a - b) * x2 + c * (a + b - c) * x3) / s
py = (a * (b + c - a) * y1 + b * (c + a - b) * y2 + c * (a + b - c) * y3) / s

# Calculate the radius of the circle
ar = a**0.5
br = b**0.5
cr = c**0.5
r = ar * br * cr / ((ar + br + cr) * (-ar + br + cr) * (ar - br + cr) * (ar + br - cr))**0.5

# Print the radius and central coordinate of the circle
print("{:>.3f}".format(r))
print("Central coordinate (x, y) of the circle:")
print("{:>.3f}".format(px), "{:>.3f}".format(py))
``````

Sample Output:

```Input three coordinate of the circle:
9 3 6 8 3 6
3.358
Central coordinate (x, y) of the circle:
6.071 4.643
```

Explanation:

The above Python code takes as input three pairs of coordinates representing the points on a circle. It then calculates the radius and central coordinate of the circle based on these input coordinates using geometric formulas. Here's a step-by-step explanation:

• Input Coordinates:
• The user is prompted to input three pairs of coordinates (x, y) representing points on a circle.
• Calculate Distances:
• The code calculates the squared distances between pairs of points using the distance formula.
• Calculate Cross-Product and Central Coordinate:
• It computes a cross-product and uses it to calculate the central coordinates (px, py) of the circle.
• The code computes the radius of the circle using the squared distances between points.
• Print Results:
• The radius and central coordinates of the circle are printed with three decimal places.

Flowchart:

Python Code Editor:

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