The SQL OUTER JOIN returns all rows from both the participating tables which satisfy the join condition along with rows which do not satisfy the join condition. The SQL OUTER JOIN operator (+) is used only on one side of the join condition only.
The subtypes of SQL OUTER JOIN
- LEFT OUTER JOIN or LEFT JOIN
- RIGHT OUTER JOIN or RIGHT JOIN
- FULL OUTER JOIN
Select * FROM table1, table2 WHERE conditions [+];
|table1, table2||Name of the tables participating in joining.|
Here is an example of outer join in SQL between two tables.
Sample table : foods
Sample table : company
To get 'company_name' and 'company_id' columns from 'company' table and 'company_id', 'item_name', 'item_unit' columns from 'foods' table, after an OUTER JOINING with these mentioned tables, the following sql statement can be used :
SELECT company.company_name,company.company_id, foods.company_id ,foods.item_name,foods.item_unit FROM company, foods WHERE company.company_id = foods.company_id(+);
This SQL statement would return all rows from the 'company' table and only those rows from the 'foods' table where the joined fields are equal.
The (+) after the 'foods.company_id' field indicates that, if a 'company_id' value in the 'company' table does not exist in the 'foods' table, all fields in the 'foods' table will be displayed as NULL in the result set.
Pictorial representation of Sql outer join
Outputs of the said SQL statement shown here is taken by using Oracle Database 10g Express Edition.
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