PHP: array_unique() function

PHP: Removes duplicate values from an array

The array_unique() is used to remove duplicate values from an array.

Note: The keys are preserved. array_unique() sorts the values treated as a string at first, then will keep the first key encountered for every value, and ignore all following keys. It does not mean that the key of the first related value from the unsorted array will be kept.


(PHP 4 and above)


array_unique(array1, sort_flags)


Name Description Required /
array1 The input array. Required Array
sort_flags sort_flags is used to modify the sorting behavior using following values:
SORT_REGULAR - compare items normally.
SORT_NUMERIC - compare items numerically
SORT_STRING - compare items as strings
SORT_LOCALE_STRING - compare items as strings, based on the current locale
Optional Integer

Note: Two elements are considered equal if and only if (string) $elem1 === (string) $elem2 i.e. when the string representation is the same, the first element will be used.

Return value

The filtered array.

Value Type: Array


$fruits_list = array('Orange',  'Apple', ' Banana', 'Cherry', ' Banana');
$result = array_unique($fruits_list);


Array ( [0] => Orange [1] => Apple [2] => Banana [3] => Cherry ) 

Pictorial Presentation:

php function reference: array_unique() function

View the example in the browser

Practice here online :

See also

PHP Function Reference

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PHP: Tips of the Day

PHP - how to create a newline character?

Only double quoted strings interpret the escape sequences \r and \n as '0x0D' and '0x0A' respectively, so you want:


Single quoted strings, on the other hand, only know the escape sequences \\ and \'.

So unless you concatenate the single quoted string with a line break generated elsewhere (e. g., using double quoted string "\r\n" or using chr function chr(0x0D).chr(0x0A)), the only other way to have a line break within a single quoted string is to literally type it with your editor:

$s = 'some text before the line break
some text after';

Make sure to check your editor for its line break settings if you require some specific character sequence (\r\n for example).

Ref : https://bit.ly/3hcyege