C Exercises: Swap every two adjacent nodes of a singly linked list

C Singly Linked List : Exercise-40 with Solution

Write a C program to swap every two adjacent nodes of a given singly linked list.

Sample Solution:

C Code:

#include <stdlib.h>

// Definition for singly-linked list
struct Node {
    int data;
    struct Node* next;

// Function to swap pairs of nodes in a linked list
struct Node* swap_pairs(struct Node* head) {
    // If the list is empty or has only one node, no swapping required
    if (!head || !head->next) return head; 

    struct Node *prev = NULL, *curr = head, *next = head->next;
    head = next; // Update head to the new starting node after swapping

    // Traverse through the list and swap pairs of nodes
    while (next) {
        curr->next = next->next; // Adjust pointers for swapping
        next->next = curr;

        // Connect the swapped pair with the previous node or the head if it's the first pair
        if (prev) prev->next = next;
        prev = curr; // Move to the next pair to be swapped
        curr = curr->next;

        // Update 'next' for the next pair of nodes to swap
        if (curr) next = curr->next;

    return head; // Return the modified head of the list

// Function to create a new node in the linked list
struct Node* newNode(int data) {
    struct Node* node = (struct Node*) malloc(sizeof(struct Node)); // Allocate memory for a new node
    node->data = data; // Assign data to the new node
    node->next = NULL; // Initialize the next pointer as NULL
    return node; // Return the newly created node

// Function to print the linked list
void printList(struct Node* node) {
    while (node != NULL) {
        printf("%d ", node->data); // Print the data of the current node
        node = node->next; // Move to the next node

// Main function to demonstrate swapping pairs in a linked list
int main() {
    // Create a sample linked list
    struct Node* head = newNode(1);
    head->next = newNode(2);
    head->next->next = newNode(3);
    head->next->next->next = newNode(4);
    head->next->next->next->next = newNode(5);

    printf("Original List:\n");
    printList(head); // Display the original linked list
    head = swap_pairs(head); // Swap pairs of nodes in the list
    printf("\n\nUpdated List after swapping every two adjacent nodes:\n");
    printList(head); // Display the modified linked list

    return 0;

Sample Output:

Original List:
1 2 3 4 5 

Updated List after swapping every two adjacent nodes:
2 1 4 3 5 

Flowchart :

Flowchart: Swap every two adjacent nodes  of a singly linked list.
Flowchart: Swap every two adjacent nodes  of a singly linked list.

C Programming Code Editor:

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Next: Reverse alternate k nodes of a singly linked list.

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