﻿ C++ Exercises: Convert hexadecimal number to binary number - w3resource

# C++ Exercises: Convert hexadecimal number to binary number

## C++ For Loop: Exercise-80 with Solution

Write a C++ program to convert a hexadecimal number to a binary number.

Visual Presentation:

Sample Solution:-

C++ Code :

``````#include<iostream> // Include necessary libraries
#include<stdlib.h>
#include<math.h>
using namespace std; // Use the standard namespace

// Function to convert hexadecimal to decimal
unsigned long Hex_To_Dec(char hex[]) {
char *hexstring;
int length = 0;
const int hexbase = 16; // Define base 16 for hexadecimal
unsigned long dnum = 0;
int i;

// Loop to find the length of the hexadecimal string
for (hexstring = hex; *hexstring != '\0'; hexstring++) {
length++;
}

hexstring = hex; // Reset the pointer to the start of the hexadecimal string

// Loop to convert each character of the hexadecimal string to decimal
for (i = 0; *hexstring != '\0' && i < length; i++, hexstring++) {
if (*hexstring >= 48 && *hexstring <= 57) {
// Convert character to decimal if it's a number (0-9)
dnum += (((int)(*hexstring)) - 48) * pow(hexbase, length - i - 1);
}
else if ((*hexstring >= 65 && *hexstring <= 70)) {
// Convert character to decimal if it's an uppercase letter (A-F)
dnum += (((int)(*hexstring)) - 55) * pow(hexbase, length - i - 1);
}
else if (*hexstring >= 97 && *hexstring <= 102) {
// Convert character to decimal if it's a lowercase letter (a-f)
dnum += (((int)(*hexstring)) - 87) * pow(hexbase, length - i - 1);
}
else {
// Display an error message for an invalid input character
cout << " The given hexadecimal number is invalid. \n";
}
}
return dnum; // Return the resulting decimal number
}

// Main function
int main() {
unsigned long dnum; // Variable to store the decimal number
char hex[9]; // Array to store the input hexadecimal number
int dec_num, rem = 1, m, n;
int bin_num[100], quot;
dec_num = 0;

cout << "\n\n Convert any hexadecimal number to binary number:\n"; // Display purpose of the program
cout << "------------------------------------------------------\n"; // Display separator line
cout << " Input any 32-bit Hexadecimal Number: ";

dnum = Hex_To_Dec(hex); // Call the function to convert hexadecimal to decimal
quot = dnum;
cout << " The equivalent binary number is: "; // Displaying the result in binary

// Conversion from decimal to binary
while (quot != 0) {
bin_num[m++] = quot % 2;
quot = quot / 2;
}
for (n = m - 1; n >= 0; n--) {
dec_num = (dec_num * 10) + bin_num[n];
}

cout << dec_num << endl; // Display the resulting binary number
cout << endl;
}
``````

Sample Output:

``` Convert any hexadecimal number to binary number:
------------------------------------------------------
Input any 32-bit Hexadecimal Number: 5f
The equivalant binary number is: 1011111
```

Flowchart:

C++ Code Editor: