﻿ C++ : Check whether a number is a Strong Number or not

# C++ Exercises: Check whether a number is a Strong Number or not

## C++ Numbers: Exercise-45 with Solution

Write a program in C++ to check whether a number is a Strong Number or not.

Sample Solution:

C++ Code:

``````#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
int i, n, n1, s1 = 0, j;
long fact;
cout << "\n\n Check whether a number is Strong Number or not:\n";
cout << "----------------------------------------------------\n";
cout << " Input a number to check whether it is Strong number: ";
cin >> n;
n1 = n;
for (j = n; j > 0; j = j / 10) {
fact = 1;
for (i = 1; i <= j % 10; i++) {
fact = fact * i;
}
s1 = s1 + fact;
}
if (s1 == n1) {
cout << n1 << " is Strong number." << endl;
}
else {
cout << n1 << " is not a Strong number." << endl;
}
}
``````

Sample Output:

```Check whether a number is Strong Number or not:
-------------------------------------------------------
Input a number to check whether it is Strong number: 24
24 is not a Strong number
```

Flowchart:

C++ Code Editor:

What is the difficulty level of this exercise?

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## C++ Programming: Tips of the Day

How to use the PI constant in C++?

On some (especially older) platforms (see the comments below) you might need to

#define _USE_MATH_DEFINES and then include the necessary header file:
`#include<math.h>`

and the value of pi can be accessed via:

`M_PI`

In math.h (2014) it is defined as:

`# define M_PI           3.14159265358979323846  /* pi */`

but check your math.h for more. An extract from the "old" math.h (in 2009):

```/* Define _USE_MATH_DEFINES before including math.h to expose these macro
* definitions for common math constants.  These are placed under an #ifdef
* since these commonly-defined names are not part of the C/C++ standards.
*/```

However:

1. on newer platforms (at least on my 64 bit Ubuntu 14.04) I do not need to define the _USE_MATH_DEFINES
2. On (recent) Linux platforms there are long double values too provided as a GNU Extension:
`# define M_PIl          3.14159265358979323846`

Ref: https://bit.ly/3G4BgzQ