HTML5: How to specify an alternate text for the area, required if the href attribute is present?

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HTML Code :

<!DOCTYPE html><!-- Defines the document type as HTML5 -->
<title><span class="heading">How to specify an alternate text for the area, required if the href attribute is present</span></title><!-- Sets the title of the HTML page -->
<img src="https://www.w3resource.com/w3r_images/html-area-element.png" alt="area example " width="308" height="190" border="0" usemap="#Map"/><!-- Displays an image with an associated image map -->
<map name="Map"><!-- Defines a map with name "Map" -->
<area shape="rect" coords="8,5,100,77" href="https://www.w3resource.com/mysql/mysql-tutorials.php" target="_blank" alt="mysql tutorial"><!-- Defines a rectangular area linking to MySQL tutorial -->
<area shape="circle" coords="155,93,59" href="https://www.w3resource.com/php/php-home.php" target="_blank" alt="php tutorial"><!-- Defines a circular area linking to PHP tutorial -->
<area shape="rect" coords="197,136,306,188" href="https://www.w3resource.com/sql/sql-tutorials.php" alt="sql tutorials"><!-- Defines another rectangular area linking to SQL tutorials -->


  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration specifies the document type and version of HTML.
  • The <html> element is the root element of the HTML document.
  • The <head> section contains metadata about the HTML document, including the title of the page.
  • The <title> tag sets the title of the HTML page, which includes a span element with a class "heading" for styling.
  • The <body> element contains the visible content of the HTML document.
  • The <img> tag displays an image with the specified source, dimensions, and attributes, including an alternate text for accessibility.
  • The <map> element defines an image map with the name "Map".
  • The <area> tags define clickable areas within the image map, each with a specific shape, coordinates, hyperlink, and alternate text. The alt attribute specifies the alternate text for each area, required if the href attribute is present.

Live Demo :

See the Pen html css common editor by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.

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