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HTML-CSS: Menu on image hover

HTML-CSS : Exercise-37 with Solution

Using HTML, CSS displays a menu overlay when the user hovers over the image.

  • Use a <figure> to wrap the <img> element and a <div> element that will contain the menu links.
  • Use the opacity and right attributes to animate the image on hover, creating a sliding effect.
  • Set the left attribute of the <div> to the negative of the element's width. Reset it to 0 when hovering over the parent element to slide in the menu.
  • Use display: flex, flex-direction: column and justify-content: center on the <div> to vertically center the menu items.

HTML Code:

<!--License: https://bit.ly/3GjrtVF-->
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">
  <title>Using HTML, CSS displays a menu overlay when the user hovers over the image</title>
</head>
<body>
<figure class="hover-menu">
	<img src="https://www.w3resource.com/html-css-exercise/html-css-practical-exercises/flower-7.jpeg"/>
	<div>
		<a href="#">Home</a>
		<a href="#">Contact</a>
		<a href="#">About</a>
	</div>
</figure>
</body>
</html>

CSS Code:

.hover-menu {
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
  margin: 8px;
  min-width: 340px;
  max-width: 480px;
  max-height: 290px;
  width: 100%;
  background: #000;
  text-align: center;
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

.hover-menu * {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

.hover-menu img {
  position: relative;
  max-width: 100%;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  opacity: 1;
  transition: 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

.hover-menu div {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: -120px;
  width: 120px;
  height: 100%;
  padding: 8px 4px;
  background: #000;
  transition: 0.3s ease-in-out;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
}

.hover-menu div a {
  display: block;
  line-height: 2;
  color: #fff;
  text-decoration: none;
  opacity: 0.8;
  padding: 5px 15px;
  position: relative;
  transition: 0.3s ease-in-out;
}

.hover-menu div a:hover {
  text-decoration: underline;
}

.hover-menu:hover img {
  opacity: 0.5;
  right: -120px;
}

.hover-menu:hover div {
  left: 0;
  opacity: 1;
}

HTML-CSS Editor:

See the Pen html-css-practical-exercises by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


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HTML-CSS: Tips of the Day

A min-height for table, tr or td:

It's not a nice solution but try it like this:

<table>
    <tr>
        <td>
            <div>Lorem</div>
        </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
        <td>
            <div>Ipsum</div>
        </td>
    </tr>
</table>

and set the divs to the min-height:

div {
    min-height: 300px;
} 

Ref: https://bit.ly/3Ovu56J