HTML-CSS: Navigation list item hover and focus effect

HTML-CSS : Exercise-6 with Solution

Using HTML, CSS create a custom hover and focus effect for navigation items, using CSS transformations.

  • Use the :before pseudo-element at the list item anchor to create a hover effect. Hide it using transform: scale(0).
  • Use the :hover and :focus pseudo-class selectors to transition the pseudo-element to transform: scale(1) and show its colored background.
  • Prevent the pseudo-element from covering the anchor element by using z-index.

HTML Code:

<!--License: https://bit.ly/3GjrtVF-->
<!DOCTYPE html>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">
  <title>Using HTML, CSS create a custom hover and focus effect for navigation items, using CSS transformations</title>

<div class="w3rcontainer"><strong>Preview:</strong>
<div class="hover-div">
    <li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">About</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">Contact</a></li>

CSS Code:


   border: 1px solid #cccfdb;
   border-radius: 2px;
.hover-div ul {
  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  overflow: hidden;

.hover-div li {
  float: left;

.hover-div li a {
  position: relative;
  display: block;
  color: #fff;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 8px 12px;
  text-decoration: none;
  z-index: 0;

li a:before {
  position: absolute;
  content: "";
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  background-color: #F68026;
  z-index: -1;
  transform: scale(0);
  transition: transform 0.5s ease-in-out;

li a:hover:before,
li a:focus:before {
  transform: scale(1);


HTML-CSS Editor:

See the Pen html-css-practical-exercises by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.

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HTML-CSS: Tips of the Day

How can I show dots ("...") in a span with hidden overflow?

For this you can use text-overflow: ellipsis; property. Write like this

span {
    display: inline-block;
    width: 180px;
    white-space: nowrap;
    overflow: hidden !important;
    text-overflow: ellipsis;
<span>Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book</span>

Ref: https://bit.ly/2RqEbdh