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Java Array Exercises: Find a missing number in an array

Java Array: Exercise-24 with Solution

Write a Java program to find a missing number in an array.

Pictorial Presentation:

Java Array Exercises: Find a missing number in an array

Sample Solution:

Java Code:

import java.util.*;
public class Exercise24 {
 public static void main(String[] args) {

   int total_num;
   int[] numbers = new int[]{1,2,3,4,6,7};
   total_num = 7;
   int expected_num_sum = total_num * ((total_num + 1) / 2);
   int num_sum = 0;
   for (int i: numbers) {
    num_sum += i;
   }
       System.out.print( expected_num_sum - num_sum);
	   System.out.print("\n");
  }
 }

Sample Data: 1,2,3,4,6,7

Sample Output:

                                                                              
5

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Java exercises: Find a missing number in an array

Visualize Java code execution (Python Tutor):


Java Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a Java program to test the equality of two arrays.
Next: Write a Java program to find common elements from three sorted (in non-decreasing order) arrays.

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Java: Tips of the Day

Array vs ArrayLists:

The main difference between these two is that an Array is of fixed size so once you have created an Array you cannot change it but the ArrayList is not of fixed size. You can create instances of ArrayLists without specifying its size. So if you create such instances of an ArrayList without specifying its size Java will create an instance of an ArrayList of default size.

Once an ArrayList is full it re-sizes itself. In fact, an ArrayList is internally supported by an array. So when an ArrayList is resized it will slow down its performance a bit as the contents of the old Array must be copied to a new Array.

At the same time, it's compulsory to specify the size of an Array directly or indirectly while creating it. And also Arrays can store both primitives and objects while ArrayLists only can store objects.

Ref: https://bit.ly/3o8L2KH