﻿ Java exercises: Find the length of the longest consecutive elements sequence from a given unsorted array of integers - w3resource # Java Array Exercises: Find the length of the longest consecutive elements sequence from a given unsorted array of integers

## Java Array: Exercise-34 with Solution

Write a Java program to find the length of the longest consecutive elements sequence from a given unsorted array of integers.
Sample array: [49, 1, 3, 200, 2, 4, 70, 5]
The longest consecutive elements sequence is [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], therefore the program will return its length 5.

Pictorial Presentation: Sample Solution:

Java Code:

``````import java.util.HashSet;
public class Exercise34 {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int nums[] = {49, 1, 3, 200, 2, 4, 70, 5};
System.out.println("Original array length: "+nums.length);
System.out.print("Array elements are: ");
for (int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++)
{
System.out.print(nums[i]+" ");
}
System.out.println("\nThe new length of the array is: "+longest_sequence(nums));

}

public static int longest_sequence(int[] nums) {
final HashSet<Integer> h_set = new HashSet<Integer>();
for (int i : nums) h_set.add(i);

int longest_sequence_len = 0;
for (int i : nums) {
int length = 1;
for (int j = i - 1; h_set.contains(j); --j) {
h_set.remove(j);
++length;
}
for (int j = i + 1; h_set.contains(j); ++j) {
h_set.remove(j);
++length;
}
longest_sequence_len = Math.max(longest_sequence_len, length);
}
return longest_sequence_len;
}
}
```
```

Sample Output:

```
Original array length: 8
Array elements are: 49 1 3 200 2 4 70 5
The new length of the array is: 5
```

Flowchart: Visualize Java code execution (Python Tutor):

Java Code Editor:

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## Java: Tips of the Day

Array vs ArrayLists:

The main difference between these two is that an Array is of fixed size so once you have created an Array you cannot change it but the ArrayList is not of fixed size. You can create instances of ArrayLists without specifying its size. So if you create such instances of an ArrayList without specifying its size Java will create an instance of an ArrayList of default size.

Once an ArrayList is full it re-sizes itself. In fact, an ArrayList is internally supported by an array. So when an ArrayList is resized it will slow down its performance a bit as the contents of the old Array must be copied to a new Array.

At the same time, it's compulsory to specify the size of an Array directly or indirectly while creating it. And also Arrays can store both primitives and objects while ArrayLists only can store objects.

Ref: https://bit.ly/3o8L2KH