# Java Exercises: Find the area and perimeter of a circle

## Java Basic: Exercise-11 with Solution

Write a Java program to print the area and perimeter of a circle.

In geometry, the area enclosed by a circle of radius r is πr^{2}. Here the Greek letter π represents a constant, approximately equal to 3.14159, which is equal to the ratio of the circumference of any circle to its diameter.

The circumference of a circle is the linear distance around its edge.

**Pictorial Presentation:**

Why is the area of a circle of a circle pi times the square of the radius?

**Sample Solution**:

**Java Code:**

```
public class Exercise11 {
private static final double radius = 7.5;
public static void main(String[] args) {
double perimeter = 2 * Math.PI * radius;
double area = Math.PI * radius * radius;
System.out.println("Perimeter is = " + perimeter);
System.out.println("Area is = " + area);
}
}
```

Sample Output:

Perimeter is = 47.12388980384689 Area is = 176.71458676442586

**Flowchart: **

**Sample Solution:**

**Java Code:**

```
import java.util.Scanner;
public class Main {
public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner io = new Scanner(System.in);
System.out.println("Input the radius of the circle: ");
double radius = io.nextDouble();
System.out.println("Perimeter is = " + (2 * radius * Math.PI));
System.out.println("Area is = " + (Math.PI * radius * radius));
}
}
```

Sample Output:

Input the radius of the circle: 5 Perimeter is = 31.41592653589793 Area is = 78.53981633974483

**Flowchart: **

**Java Code Editor:**

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