w3resource
Java Programming Exercies

Java Exercises: Multiply two binary numbers

Java Basic: Exercise-18 with Solution

Write a Java program to multiply two binary numbers.

In digital electronics and mathematics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system. This system uses only two symbols: typically 1 (one) and 0 (zero).

Test Data:
Input first binary number: 110
Input second binary number: 101

Sample Solution:

Java Code:

import java.util.Scanner;
public class Exercise18 {
 public static void main(String[] args)
 {
  long binary1, binary2, multiply = 0;
  int digit, factor = 1;
  Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
  System.out.print("Input the first binary number: ");
  binary1 = in.nextLong();
  System.out.print("Input the second binary number: ");
  binary2 = in.nextLong();
  while (binary2 != 0)
  {
   digit = (int)(binary2 % 10);
   if (digit == 1) 
   {
    binary1 = binary1 * factor;
    multiply = binaryproduct((int) binary1, (int) multiply);
   } 
   else
   {
    binary1 = binary1 * factor;
   }
   binary2 = binary2 / 10;
   factor = 10;
  }
  System.out.print("Product of two binary numbers: " + multiply+"\n");
 }
 static int binaryproduct(int binary1, int binary2) 
 {
  int i = 0, remainder = 0;
  int[] sum = new int[20];
  int binary_prod_result = 0;

  while (binary1 != 0 || binary2 != 0) 
  {
   sum[i++] = (binary1 % 10 + binary2 % 10 + remainder) % 2;
   remainder = (binary1 % 10 + binary2 % 10 + remainder) / 2;
   binary1 = binary1 / 10;
   binary2 = binary2 / 10;
  }
  if (remainder != 0)
  {
   sum[i++] = remainder;
  }
  --i;
  while (i >= 0) 
  {
   binary_prod_result = binary_prod_result * 10 + sum[i--];
  }
  return binary_prod_result;
 }
 }
 

Sample Output:

Input the first binary number: 110                                                                            
Input the second binary number: 101                                                                           
Product of two binary numbers: 11110 

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Java exercises: Multiply two binary numbers

Flowchart : binaryproduct()

Flowchart: Java exercises: Multiply two binary numbers

Java Code Editor:

Contribute your code and comments through Disqus.

Previous: Write a Java program to add two binary numbers.
Next: Write a Java program to convert a decimal number to binary number.

What is the difficulty level of this exercise?



New Content: Composer: Dependency manager for PHP, R Programming