Java: Abstract Shape2D Class with Rectangle and Circle Subclasses

Java Abstract Class: Exercise-10 with Solution

Write a Java program to create an abstract class Shape2D with abstract methods draw() and resize(). Create subclasses Rectangle and Circle that extend the Shape2D class and implement the respective methods to draw and resize each shape.

Sample Solution:

Java Code:

abstract class Shape2D {
  public abstract void draw();

  public abstract void resize();

class Rectangle extends Shape2D {
  public void draw() {
    System.out.println("Rectangle: Drawing a rectangle.");

  public void resize() {
    System.out.println("Rectangle: Resizing the rectangle.");
class Circle extends Shape2D {
  public void draw() {
    System.out.println("Circle: Drawing a circle.");

  public void resize() {
    System.out.println("Circle: Resizing the circle.");
public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    Shape2D rectangle = new Rectangle();
    Shape2D circle = new Circle();



Sample Output:

Rectangle: Drawing a rectangle.
Rectangle: Resizing the rectangle.
Circle: Drawing a circle.
Circle: Resizing the circle.


In the above exercise -

  • The abstract class "Shape2D" has two abstract methods: draw() and resize(). The subclasses Rectangle and Circle extend the Shape2D class and provide their own implementations for these abstract methods.
  • The "Rectangle" class describes how to draw and resize a rectangle, while the "Circle" class describes how to draw and resize a circle.
  • In the main method, we create instances of Rectangle and Circle, and then call the draw() and resize() methods on each object to demonstrate how each shape is drawn and resized.


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Java Code Editor:

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