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Java String Exercises: Count the number of words ending in 'm' or 'n' (not case sensitive) in a given text

Java String: Exercise-91 with Solution

Write a Java program to count the number of words ending in 'm' or 'n' (not case sensitive) in a given text.

Sample Solution:

Java Code:

import java.util.*;
public class Main
{
public int endWithmOrn(String stng) 
{
  int l = stng.length();
  int ctr = 0;
  stng = stng.toLowerCase();
  for (int i = 0; i < l; i++) 
  {
    if (stng.charAt(i) == 'm' || stng.charAt(i) == 'n') 
	{
      if (i < l-1 && !Character.isLetter(stng.charAt(i+1)))
        ctr++;
      else if (i == l-1)
        ctr++;
    }
  }
  return ctr;
}

public static void main (String[] args)
    {
      Main m= new Main();
      String str1 =  "mam is in the room";
      System.out.println("The given string is: "+str1);
      System.out.println("The number of words ends eith m or n is: "+m.endWithmOrn(str1));
	  }
}

Sample Output:

The given string is: mam is in the room
The number of words ends eith m or n is: 3

Pictorial Presentation:

Java String Exercises: Count the number of words ending in 'm' or 'n' (not case sensitive) in a given text.

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Java String Exercises - Count the number of words ending in 'm' or 'n' (not case sensitive) in a given text.

Java Code Editor:

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Java: Tips of the Day

Array vs ArrayLists:

The main difference between these two is that an Array is of fixed size so once you have created an Array you cannot change it but the ArrayList is not of fixed size. You can create instances of ArrayLists without specifying its size. So if you create such instances of an ArrayList without specifying its size Java will create an instance of an ArrayList of default size.

Once an ArrayList is full it re-sizes itself. In fact, an ArrayList is internally supported by an array. So when an ArrayList is resized it will slow down its performance a bit as the contents of the old Array must be copied to a new Array.

At the same time, it's compulsory to specify the size of an Array directly or indirectly while creating it. And also Arrays can store both primitives and objects while ArrayLists only can store objects.

Ref: https://bit.ly/3o8L2KH