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JavaScript: Get the symmetric difference between two given arrays, after applying the provided function to each array element of both

JavaScript: Exercise-133 with Solution

Write a JavaScript program to get the symmetric difference between two given arrays, after applying the provided function to each array element of both.

  • Create a new Set() from each array to get the unique values of each one after applying fn to them.
  • Use Array.prototype.filter() on each of them to only keep values not contained in the other.

Sample Solution:

JavaScript Code:

//#Source https://bit.ly/2neWfJ2 
const symmetricDifferenceBy = (a, b, fn) => {
  const sA = new Set(a.map(v => fn(v))),
    sB = new Set(b.map(v => fn(v)));
  return [...a.filter(x => !sB.has(fn(x))), ...b.filter(x => !sA.has(fn(x)))];
};
console.log(symmetricDifferenceBy([2.1, 1.2], [2.3, 3.4], Math.floor));

Sample Output:

[1.2,3.4]

Flowchart:

flowchart: Get the symmetric difference between two given arrays, after applying the provided function to each array element of both

Live Demo:

See the Pen javascript-basic-exercise-133-1 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


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JavaScript: Tips of the Day

How to remove a specific item from an array?

Find the index of the array element you want to remove using indexOf, and then remove that index with splice.

The splice() method changes the contents of an array by removing existing elements and/or adding new elements.

const array = [2, 5, 9];

console.log(array);

const index = array.indexOf(5);
if (index > -1) {
  array.splice(index, 1);
}

// array = [2, 9]
console.log(array);

The second parameter of splice is the number of elements to remove. Note that splice modifies the array in place and returns a new array containing the elements that have been removed.

For the reason of completeness, here are functions. The first function removes only a single occurrence (i.e. removing the first match of 5 from [2,5,9,1,5,8,5]), while the second function removes all occurrences:

function removeItemOnce(arr, value) {
  var index = arr.indexOf(value);
  if (index > -1) {
    arr.splice(index, 1);
  }
  return arr;
}

function removeItemAll(arr, value) {
  var i = 0;
  while (i < arr.length) {
    if (arr[i] === value) {
      arr.splice(i, 1);
    } else {
      ++i;
    }
  }
  return arr;
}
//Usage
console.log(removeItemOnce([2,5,9,1,5,8,5], 5))
console.log(removeItemAll([2,5,9,1,5,8,5], 5))

Ref: https://bit.ly/2N9nKRp