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JavaScript: Get the n minimum elements from the provided array

JavaScript fundamental (ES6 Syntax): Exercise-176 with Solution

Write a JavaScript program to get the n minimum elements from the provided array.

If n is greater than or equal to the provided array's length, then return the original array(sorted in ascending order).

  • Use Array.prototype.sort() combined with the spread operator (...) to create a shallow clone of the array and sort it in ascending order.
  • Use Array.prototype.slice() to get the specified number of elements.
  • Omit the second argument, n, to get a one-element array.
  • If n is greater than or equal to the provided array's length, then return the original array (sorted in ascending order).

Sample Solution:

JavaScript Code:

//#Source https://bit.ly/2neWfJ2 
const minN = (arr, n = 1) => [...arr].sort((a, b) => a - b).slice(0, n);
console.log(minN([1, 2, 3]));
console.log(minN([1, 2, 3], 2));

Sample Output:

[1]
[1,2]

Pictorial Presentation:

JavaScript Fundamental: Get the n minimum elements from the provided array.
JavaScript Fundamental: Get the n minimum elements from the provided array.

Flowchart:

flowchart: Get the n minimum elements from the provided array

Live Demo:

See the Pen javascript-basic-exercise-176-1 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


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Previous: Write a JavaScript program to get the index of the function in an array of functions which executed the fastest.
Next: Write a JavaScript program to get the minimum value of an array, after mapping each element to a value using the provided function.

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JavaScript: Tips of the Day

Checking if a key exists in a JavaScript object?

Checking for undefined-ness is not an accurate way of testing whether a key exists. What if the key exists but the value is actually undefined?

var obj = { key: undefined };
obj["key"] !== undefined // false, but the key exists!

You should instead use the in operator:

"key" in obj // true, regardless of the actual value

If you want to check if a key doesn't exist, remember to use parenthesis:

!("key" in obj) // true if "key" doesn't exist in object
!"key" in obj   // ERROR!  Equivalent to "false in obj"

Or, if you want to particularly test for properties of the object instance (and not inherited properties), use hasOwnProperty:

obj.hasOwnProperty("key") // true

Checking for undefined-ness is not an accurate way of testing whether a key exists. What if the key exists but the value is actually undefined? var obj = { key: undefined }; obj["key"] !== undefined // false, but the key exists! You should instead use the in operator: "key" in obj // true, regardless of the actual value If you want to check if a key doesn't exist, remember to use parenthesis: !("key" in obj) // true if "key" doesn't exist in object !"key" in obj // ERROR! Equivalent to "false in obj" Or, if you want to particularly test for properties of the object instance (and not inherited properties), use hasOwnProperty: obj.hasOwnProperty("key") // true For performance comparison between the methods that are in, hasOwnProperty and key is undefined.

Ref: https://bit.ly/2CFNp1X