# JavaScript: Volume of a Cylinder

## JavaScript Math: Exercise-60 with Solution

Write a JavaScript program to calculate the volume of a Cylinder.

From Wikipedia -
A cylinder has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes. In elementary geometry, it is considered a prism with a circle as its base.
A cylinder may also be defined as an infinite curvilinear surface in various modern branches of geometry and topology. The shift in the basic meaning - solid versus surface (as in ball and sphere) - has created some ambiguity with terminology. The two concepts may be distinguished by referring to solid cylinders and cylindrical surfaces. In the literature the unadorned term cylinder could refer to either of these or to an even more specialized object, the right circular cylinder.

Sample Data:

Sample Solution:

JavaScript Code:

``````// Define a function volume_Cylinder that calculates the volume of a cylinder given its radius and height.
const volume_Cylinder = (radius, height) => {
// Check if radius and height are numbers and positive.
is_Number(height, 'Height');
// Return the volume of the cylinder.
return (Math.PI * radius ** 2 * height);
}

// Define a function is_Number that checks if a given value is a number and positive.
const is_Number = (n, n_name = 'number') => {
// If the given value is not a number, throw a TypeError.
if (typeof n !== 'number') {
throw new TypeError('The ' + n_name + ' is not Number type!');
}
// If the given value is negative or not a finite number, throw an Error.
else if (n < 0 || (!Number.isFinite(n))) {
throw new Error('The ' + n_name + ' must be a positive values!');
}
}

// Call the volume_Cylinder function with valid and invalid arguments and output the results.
console.log(volume_Cylinder(2.0, 5.0));
console.log(volume_Cylinder('2.0', 5.0));
console.log(volume_Cylinder(2.0, -5.0));
```
```

Output:

```62.83185307179586
-----------------------------------------------------
Uncaught TypeError: The Radius is not Number type!
at https://cdpn.io/cpe/boomboom/pen.js?key=pen.js-1a04af30-dc8a-5819-1580-ea8dd4385b7e:9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Uncaught Error: The Height must be a positive values!
at https://cdpn.io/cpe/boomboom/pen.js?key=pen.js-0233eca2-a783-da3b-2f4a-b77720178072:11
```

Flowchart:

Live Demo:

See the Pen javascript-math-exercise-60 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.

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Previous: Volume of a Pyramid.
Next: Volume of a Triangular Prism.

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