# JavaScript - Ternary search algorithm

## JavaScript Searching Algorithm: Exercise-3 with Solution

Write a JavaScript program to find the first index of a given element in an array using the ternary search algorithm.

A ternary search algorithm is a technique in computer science for finding the minimum or maximum of a unimodal function. A ternary search determines either that the minimum or maximum cannot be in the first third of the domain or that it cannot be in the last third of the domain, then repeats on the remaining two thirds. A ternary search is an example of a divide and conquer algorithm.

Test Data:
([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 3, 0, 5)) -> 2
([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 9, 0, 8)) -> 8
([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 0, 0, 8)) -> -1
([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 4, 6, 8)) -> -1

Sample Solution:

JavaScript Code:

``````const ternary_Search = (arr, target, left, right) => {
if (right >= left) {
let mid1 = Math.floor(left + (right - left) /3);
let mid2 = Math.floor(right - (right - left) /3);

if (arr[mid1] == target) {
return mid1;
}
else if (arr[mid2] == target) {
return mid2;
}

if (target < arr[mid1]) {
return ternary_Search(arr, target, left, mid1 - 1);
}
else if (target > arr[mid2]) {
return ternary_Search(arr, target, mid2 + 1, right);
}
else {
return ternary_Search(arr, target, mid1 + 1, mid2 - 1);
}
}
return -1;
}

console.log(ternary_Search([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 3, 0, 5))
console.log(ternary_Search([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 9, 0, 8))
console.log(ternary_Search([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 0, 0, 8))
console.log(ternary_Search([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9], 4, 6, 8))

```
```

Sample Output:

```2
8
-1
-1
```

Flowchart:

Live Demo:

See the Pen javascript-searching-algorithm-exercise-3 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.

* To run the code mouse over on Result panel and click on 'RERUN' button.*

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## JavaScript: Tips of the Day

function and arguments

```const person = {
name: 'Lydia Hallie',
hobbies: ['coding'],
};

function addHobby(hobby, hobbies = person.hobbies) {
hobbies.push(hobby);
return hobbies;
}