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PHP Exercises: Check if a triple is presents in an array of integers or not

PHP Basic Algorithm: Exercise-38 with Solution

Write a PHP program to check if a triple is presents in an array of integers or not. If a value appears three times in a row in an array it is called a triple.

Sample Solution:

PHP Code :

<?php
function test($nums)
{
     $arra_len = sizeof($nums) - 1;
     $n = 0;
			for ($i = 0; $i < $arra_len; $i++)
            {
                 $n = $nums[$i];
				if ($n == $nums[$i + 1] && $n == $nums[$i + 2]) return true;
            }
            return false;
 }

var_dump(test(array(1, 1, 2, 2, 1)));
var_dump(test(array(1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3)));
var_dump(test(array(1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1)));

Sample Output:

bool(false)
bool(false)
bool(true)

Pictorial Presentation:

PHP Basic Algorithm Exercises: Check if a triple is presents in an array of integers or not.

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Check if a triple is presents in an array of integers or not.

PHP Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a PHP program to count the number of two 5's are next to each other in an array of integers. Also count the situation where the second 5 is actually a 6.
Next: Write a PHP program to compute the sum of the two given integers. If the sum is in the range 10..20 inclusive return 30.

What is the difficulty level of this exercise?



PHP: Tips of the Day

$GLOBALS: An associative array containing references to all variables which are currently defined in the global scope of the script. The variable names are the keys of the array

Example:

<?php
$myGlobal = "global"; // declare variable outside of scope
function test()
{
$myLocal = "local"; // declare variable inside of scope
 // both variables are printed
 var_dump($myLocal);
 var_dump($GLOBALS["myGlobal"]);
}
test(); // run function
// only $myGlobal is printed since $myLocal is not globally scoped
 
var_dump($myLocal);
var_dump($myGlobal); 
?>

Output:

string(5) "local"
string(6) "global"
NULL
string(6) "global"

In the above example $myLocal is not displayed the second time because it is declared inside the test() function and then destroyed after the function is closed.

Becoming global

To remedy this there are two options.

Option one: global keyword

function test()
{
 global $myLocal;
 $myLocal = "local";
 var_dump($myLocal);
 var_dump($GLOBALS["myGlobal"]);
}

The global keyword is a prefix on a variable that forces it to be part of the global scope.

Note that you cannot assign a value to a variable in the same statement as the global keyword. Hence, why I had to assign a value underneath. (It is possible if you remove new lines and spaces but I don't think it is neat. global $myLocal; $myLocal = "local").

Option two: $GLOBALS array

function test()
{
 $GLOBALS["myLocal"] = "local";
 $myLocal = $GLOBALS["myLocal"];
 var_dump($myLocal);
 var_dump($GLOBALS["myGlobal"]);
}

In this example I reassigned $myLocal the value of $GLOBAL["myLocal"] since I find it easier writing a variable name rather than the associative array.