PHP File Handling: Custom exception for missing file

PHP Exception Handling: Exercise-5 with Solution

Write a PHP program that reads data from a file and throws a custom exception if the file does not exist.

Sample Solution:

PHP Code :

class FileNotExistException extends Exception {
    public function __construct($message, $code = 0, Throwable $previous = null) {
        parent::__construct($message, $code, $previous);
    public function __toString() {
        return __CLASS__ . ": [{$this->code}]: {$this->message}\n";

function readDataFromFile($filename) {
    if (!file_exists($filename)) {
        throw new FileNotExistException("File does not exist: $filename");
    // Read data from the file and return it
    $data = file_get_contents($filename);
    return $data;

try {
    $filename = "test.txt";
    $data = readDataFromFile($filename);
    echo "Data from $filename: " . $data;
} catch (FileNotExistException $e) {
    echo "An error occurred: " . $e->getMessage();

Sample Output:

An error occurred: File does not exist: test.txt


In the above exercise,

  • First, we define a custom exception class FileNotExistException that extends the base Exception class. The custom exception class has a constructor that calls the parent constructor and overrides the __toString() method. This is to provide a custom string representation of the exception.
  • Next, we have a function readDataFromFile() that takes a filename as a parameter. Inside the function, we check if the file exists using file_exists() function. If the file does not exist, we throw an instance of the FileNotExistException class with a custom error message indicating the filename.
  • If the file exists, we read the data from it using file_get_contents() and return it.
  • In the main code, we call the readDataFromFile() function with "test.txt". If the file exists, it reads the data and displays it. If the file does not exist, it catches the FileNotExistException and displays the error message using $e-<getMessage().


Flowchart: Custom exception for missing file

PHP Code Editor:

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