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PHP Array Exercises : Function to sort subnets

PHP Array: Exercise-21 with Solution

Write a PHP function to sort subnets.

Sample Solution:

PHP Code:

<?php
function sort_subnets ($x, $y) {
    $x_arr = explode('.', $x);
    $y_arr = explode('.', $y);
    foreach (range(0,3) as $i) {
        if ( $x_arr[$i] < $y_arr[$i] ) {
            return -1;
        }
        elseif ( $x_arr[$i] > $y_arr[$i] ) {
            return 1;
        }
    }
    return -1;
}

$subnet_list = 
array('192.169.12',
'192.167.11',
'192.169.14',
'192.168.13',
'192.167.12',
'122.169.15',
'192.167.16'
);
usort($subnet_list, 'sort_subnets');
print_r($subnet_list);
?>

Sample Output:

Array                                                       
(                                                           
    [0] => 122.169.15                                       
    [1] => 192.167.11                                       
    [2] => 192.167.12                                       
    [3] => 192.167.16                                       
    [4] => 192.168.13                                       
    [5] => 192.169.12                                       
    [6] => 192.169.14                                       
) 

Flowchart:

Flowchart: PHP - Sort subnets

PHP Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a PHP function to sort an array according to another array acting as a priority list.
Next: Write a PHP script to sort the following array by the day (page_id) and username.

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PHP: Tips of the Day

Members of objects or classes can be accessed using the object operator (->) and the class operator (::).

Example:

class MyClass {
 public $a = 1;
 public static $b = 2;
 const C = 3;
 public function d() { return 4; }
 public static function e() { return 5; }
}
$object = new MyClass();
var_dump($object->a); // int(1)
var_dump($object::$b); // int(2)
var_dump($object::C); // int(3)
var_dump(MyClass::$b); // int(2)
var_dump(MyClass::C); // int(3)
var_dump($object->d()); // int(4)
var_dump($object::d()); // int(4)
var_dump(MyClass::e()); // int(5)
$classname = "MyClass"; 
var_dump($classname::e()); // also works! int(5)

Note that after the object operator, the $ should not be written ($object->a instead of $object->$a). For the class operator, this is not the case and the $ is necessary. For a constant defined in the class, the $ is never used.

Also note that var_dump(MyClass::d()); is only allowed if the function d() does not reference the object:

class MyClass {
 private $a = 1;
 public function d() {
 return $this->a;
 }
}
$object = new MyClass();
var_dump(MyClass::d()); // Error!

This causes a 'PHP Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Using $this when not in object context'

These operators have left associativity, which can be used for 'chaining':

class MyClass {
 private $a = 1;

 public function add(int $a) {
 $this->a += $a;
 return $this;
 }

 public function get() {
 return $this->a;
 }
}
$object = new MyClass();
var_dump($object->add(4)->get()); // int(5)

These operators have the highest precedence (they are not even mentioned in the manual), even higher that clone. Thus:

class MyClass {
 private $a = 0;
 public function add(int $a) {
 $this->a += $a;
 return $this;
 }
 public function get() {
 return $this->a;
 }
}
$o1 = new MyClass();
$o2 = clone $o1->add(2);
var_dump($o1->get()); // int(2)
var_dump($o2->get()); // int(2)

The value of $o1 is added to before the object is cloned!

Note that using parentheses to influence precedence did not work in PHP version 5 and older (it does in PHP 7):

// using the class MyClass from the previous code
$o1 = new MyClass();
$o2 = (clone $o1)->add(2); // Error in PHP 5 and before, fine in PHP 7
var_dump($o1->get()); // int(0) in PHP 7
var_dump($o2->get()); // int(2) in PHP 7