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PostgreSQL Alter Table: Alter a table to add a foreign key referenced by the primary key of another table with restriction on update and delete


10. Write a SQL statement to add a foreign key constraint named fk_job_id on job_id column of job_history table referencing to the primary key job_id of jobs table.

Here is the structure of the table jobs and job_history.

postgres=# \d jobs

   Column   |         Type          | Modifiers
------------+-----------------------+-----------
 job_id     | character varying(10) | not null
 job_title  | character varying(35) |
 min_salary | numeric(6,0)          |
 max_salary | numeric(6,0)          |
Indexes:
    "jobs_pkey" PRIMARY KEY, btree (job_id)

postgres=# \d job_history

    Column     |         Type          | Modifiers
---------------+-----------------------+-----------
 employee_id   | numeric(6,0)          |
 start_date    | date                  |
 end_date      | date                  |
 job_id        | character varying(10) |
 department_id | numeric(4,0)          |

Now execute the following statement.

Sample Solution:

Code:

ALTER TABLE job_history 
ADD CONSTRAINT fk_job_id 
FOREIGN KEY (job_id) 
REFERENCES jobs(job_id) 
ON UPDATE RESTRICT 
ON DELETE CASCADE;

Output:

Now see the structure of the table locations after being altered.

postgres=# \d job_history

    Column     |         Type          | Modifiers
---------------+-----------------------+-----------
 employee_id   | numeric(6,0)          |
 start_date    | date                  |
 end_date      | date                  |
 job_id        | character varying(10) |
 department_id | numeric(4,0)          |
Foreign-key constraints:
    "fk_job_id" FOREIGN KEY (job_id) REFERENCES jobs(job_id) ON UPDATE RESTRICT ON DELETE CASCADE

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