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PostgreSQL Alter Table: Alter a table to add a primary key to a specific column


6. Write a SQL statement to add a primary key to the columns location_id in the locations table.

Here is the structure of the table locations.

postgres=# \d locations
     Column     |         Type          | Modifiers
----------------+-----------------------+-----------
 location_id    | numeric(4,0)          |
 street_address | character varying(40) |
 postal_code    | character varying(12) |
 city           | character varying(30) |
 state_province | character varying(25) |
 country_id     | character varying(2)  |

Now execute the following statement.

Sample Solution:

Code:

ALTER TABLE locations
ADD PRIMARY KEY(location_id);

Output:

Now see the structure of the table locations after alteration.

postgres=# \d locations

     Column     |         Type          | Modifiers
----------------+-----------------------+-----------
 location_id    | numeric(4,0)          | not null
 street_address | character varying(40) |
 postal_code    | character varying(12) |
 city           | character varying(30) |
 state_province | character varying(25) |
 country_id     | character varying(2)  |
Indexes:
"locations_pkey" PRIMARY KEY, btree (location_id)

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