﻿ Python: Find the maximum profit in one transaction - w3resource

# Python: Find the maximum profit in one transaction

## Python Basic - 1: Exercise-77 with Solution

The price of a given stock on each day is stored in an array.
Write a Python program to find the maximum profit in one transaction i.e., buy one and sell one share of the stock from the given price value of the said array. You cannot sell a stock before you buy one.
Input (Stock price of each day): [224, 236, 247, 258, 259, 225]
Output: 35
Explanation:
236 - 224 = 12
247 - 224 = 23
258 - 224 = 34
259 - 224 = 35
225 - 224 = 1
247 - 236 = 11
258 - 236 = 22
259 - 236 = 23
225 - 236 = -11
258 - 247 = 11
259 - 247 = 12
225 - 247 = -22
259 - 258 = 1
225 - 258 = -33
225 - 259 = -34

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

``````# Define a function to calculate the maximum profit from buying and selling stocks
def max_profit(stock_price):
# Initialize the maximum profit amount to zero
max_profit_amt = 0

# Iterate through the stock prices using a nested loop
for i in range(len(stock_price)):
# Initialize the profit amount for the current day to zero
profit_amt = 0

# Iterate through the subsequent days to find potential profit
for j in range(i+1, len(stock_price)):
# Calculate the profit by subtracting the buying price from the selling price
profit_amt = stock_price[j] - stock_price[i]

# Update the maximum profit if the current profit is greater
if profit_amt > max_profit_amt:
max_profit_amt = profit_amt

# Return the maximum profit amount
return max_profit_amt

# Test the function with a list of stock prices and print the result
print(max_profit([224, 236, 247, 258, 259, 225]))
``````

Sample Output:

```35
```

Explanation:

Here is a breakdown of the above Python code:

• The function "max_profit()" calculates the maximum profit that can be obtained by buying and selling stocks.
• It initializes the maximum profit amount (max_profit_amt) to zero.
• It uses a nested loop to iterate through the stock prices.
• For each day (outer loop), it initializes the profit amount (profit_amt) to zero.
• It then iterates through the subsequent days (inner loop) to calculate potential profits.
• The profit is calculated by subtracting the buying price (stock_price[i]) from the selling price (stock_price[j]).
• If the calculated profit is greater than the current maximum profit (max_profit_amt), it updates the maximum profit.
• Finally, it returns the maximum profit amount.

Flowchart:

Python Code Editor:

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