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Python: Check whether a given key already exists in a dictionary

Python dictionary: Exercise-4 with Solution

Write a Python program to check whether a given key already exists in a dictionary.

Sample Solution-1:

Python Code:

``````# Create a dictionary 'd' with key-value pairs.
d = {1: 10, 2: 20, 3: 30, 4: 40, 5: 50, 6: 60}

# Define a function 'is_key_present' that takes an argument 'x'.
def is_key_present(x):
# Check if 'x' is a key in the dictionary 'd'.
if x in d:
# If 'x' is present in 'd', print a message indicating that the key is present.
print('Key is present in the dictionary')
else:
# If 'x' is not present in 'd', print a message indicating that the key is not present.
print('Key is not present in the dictionary')

# Call the 'is_key_present' function with the argument 5 to check if 5 is a key in the dictionary.
is_key_present(5)

# Call the 'is_key_present' function with the argument 9 to check if 9 is a key in the dictionary.
is_key_present(9)
```
```

Sample Output:

```Key is present in the dictionary
Key is not present in the dictionary
```

Flowchart:

Sample Solution-2:

Python Code:

``````# Define a function 'key_in_dict' that takes a dictionary 'd' and a 'key' as arguments.
# It checks if the 'key' is present in the dictionary 'd' and returns a boolean value.
def key_in_dict(d, key):
return (key in d)

# Create a dictionary 'students' with key-value pairs.
students = {
'Theodore': 19,
'Roxanne': 22,
'Mathew': 21,
'Betty': 20
}

# Print a message indicating the start of the code section.
print("\nOriginal dictionary elements:")

# Print the original dictionary 'students'.
print(students)

# Call the 'key_in_dict' function to check if the key 'Roxanne' is present in the 'students' dictionary.
# Print the result, which is a boolean value.
print(key_in_dict(students, 'Roxanne'))

# Call the 'key_in_dict' function to check if the key 'Gina' is present in the 'students' dictionary.
# Print the result, which is a boolean value.
print(key_in_dict(students, 'Gina'))
```
```

Sample Output:

```Original dictionary elements:
{'Theodore': 19, 'Roxanne': 22, 'Mathew': 21, 'Betty': 20}
True
False
```

Flowchart:

Python Code Editor:

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