﻿ Python: Combine two or more dictionaries, creating a list of values for each key - w3resource

# Python: Combine two or more dictionaries, creating a list of values for each key

## Python dictionary: Exercise-68 with Solution

Write a Python program to combine two or more dictionaries, creating a list of values for each key.

• Create a new collections.defaultdict with list as the default value for each key and loop over dicts.
• Use dict.append() to map the values of the dictionary to keys.
• Use dict() to convert the collections.defaultdict to a regular dictionary.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

``````# Import the 'defaultdict' class from the 'collections' module.
from collections import defaultdict

# Define a function 'test' that takes any number of dictionaries as arguments (*dicts).
def test(*dicts):
# Create a 'defaultdict' object 'result' with a default value of an empty list.
result = defaultdict(list)

# Iterate through the dictionaries passed as arguments.
for el in dicts:
# Iterate through the keys and values in each dictionary.
for key in el:
# Append the value associated with the 'key' to the list for that 'key' in 'result'.
result[key].append(el[key])

# Convert the 'defaultdict' 'result' back to a regular dictionary and return it.
return dict(result)

# Define two dictionaries 'd1' and 'd2' with key-value pairs.
d1 = {'w': 50, 'x': 100, 'y': 'Green', 'z': 400}
d2 = {'x': 300, 'y': 'Red', 'z': 600}

# Print the original dictionaries.
print("Original dictionaries:")
print(d1)
print(d2)

# Call the 'test' function with 'd1' and 'd2' and print the combined dictionary.
print("\nCombined dictionaries, creating a list of values for each key:")
print(test(d1, d2))
```
```

Sample Output:

```Original dictionaries:
{'w': 50, 'x': 100, 'y': 'Green', 'z': 400}
{'x': 300, 'y': 'Red', 'z': 600}

Combined dictionaries, creating a list of values for each key:
{'w': [50], 'x': [100, 300], 'y': ['Green', 'Red'], 'z': [400, 600]}
```

Flowchart:

Python Code Editor:

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