﻿ Python: Merge two Python dictionaries - w3resource

# Python: Merge two Python dictionaries

## Python dictionary: Exercise-8 with Solution

Write a Python script to merge two Python dictionaries.

Sample Solution-1:

Python Code:

``````# Create the first dictionary 'd1' with key-value pairs.
d1 = {'a': 100, 'b': 200}

# Create the second dictionary 'd2' with key-value pairs.
d2 = {'x': 300, 'y': 200}

# Create a new dictionary 'd' and initialize it as a copy of 'd1'.
d = d1.copy()

# Update the dictionary 'd' by adding key-value pairs from 'd2'.
d.update(d2)

# Print the dictionary 'd' after combining the key-value pairs from 'd1' and 'd2.
print(d)
```
```

Sample Output:

```{'x': 300, 'y': 200, 'a': 100, 'b': 200}
```

Sample Solution-2:

Create a new dict and loop over dicts, using dictionary.update() to add the key-value pairs from each one to the result.

Python Code:

``````# Define a function 'merge_dictionaries' that takes a variable number of dictionaries ('*dicts') as arguments.
# It merges the dictionaries into a new dictionary and returns the result.
def merge_dictionaries(*dicts):
# Create an empty dictionary 'result' to store the merged key-value pairs.
result = dict()

# Iterate through the input dictionaries ('dicts') using a for loop.
for d in dicts:
# Update the 'result' dictionary by adding key-value pairs from the current dictionary 'd'.
result.update(d)

# Return the merged 'result' dictionary.
return result

# Create two dictionaries 'students1' and 'students2' with key-value pairs.
students1 = {
'Theodore': 10,
'Mathew': 11,
}

students2 = {
'Roxanne': 9
}

# Print a message indicating the start of the code section.
print("Original dictionaries:")

# Print the original dictionaries 'students1' and 'students2'.
print(students1)
print(students2)

# Print a message indicating the start of the merged dictionaries section.
print("\nMerge dictionaries:")

# Call the 'merge_dictionaries' function with 'students1' and 'students2' as arguments to merge the dictionaries.
# Print the result, which is the merged dictionary.
print(merge_dictionaries(students1, students2))
```
```

Sample Output:

```Original dictionaries:
{'Theodore': 10, 'Mathew': 11}
{'Roxanne': 9}

Merge dictionaries:
{'Theodore': 10, 'Mathew': 11, 'Roxanne': 9}
```

Flowchart:

Python Code Editor:

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