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Python: Compute the square of first N Fibonacci numbers, use map function and generate a list of the numbers

Python map: Exercise-10 with Solution

Write a Python program to compute the square of the first N Fibonacci numbers, using the map function and generate a list of the numbers.

Fibonacci numbers:

From Wikipedia,
In mathematics, the Fibonacci numbers, commonly denoted Fn, form a sequence, called the Fibonacci sequence, such that each number is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1. That is,

F0 = 0,   F1 = 1,

and

Fn = Fn - 1 + Fn - 2,

for n > 1.

The beginning of the sequence is thus:

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144,....

Sample Solution:

Python Code :

import itertools
n = 10
def fibonacci_nums(x=0, y=1):
    yield x
    while True:
        yield y
        x, y = y, x + y
print("First 10 Fibonacci numbers:")
result = list(itertools.islice(fibonacci_nums(), n))
print(result)
square = lambda x: x * x 
print("\nAfter squaring said numbers of the list:")
print(list(map(square, result)))

Sample Output:

First 10 Fibonacci numbers:
[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34]

After squaring said numbers of the list:
[0, 1, 1, 4, 9, 25, 64, 169, 441, 1156]

Python Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a Python program to create a new list taking specific elements from a tuple and convert a string value to integer.
Next: Write a Python program to compute the sum of elements of a given array of integers, use map() function.

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Python: Tips of the Day

Kwargs:

**kwargs and *args are function arguments that can be very useful.

They are quite underused and often under-understood as well.

Let's try to explain what kwargs are and how to use them.

  • While *args are used to pass arguments at an unknown amount to functions, **kwargs are used to do the same but with named arguments.
  • So, if *args is a list being passed as an argument, you can think of **kwargs as a dictionary that's being passed as an argument to a function.
  • You can use arguments as you wish as long as you follow the correct order which is: arg1, arg2, *args, **kwargs. It's okay to use only one of those but you can't mix the order, for instance, you can't have: function(**kwargs, arg1), that'd be a major faux pas in Python.
  • Another example: You can do function(*args,**kwargs) since it follows the correct order.
  • Here is an example. Let's say satelites are given with their names and weight in tons in dictionary format. Code prints their weight as kilograms along with their names.
def payloads(**kwargs):
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        print( key+" |||", float(value)*100)
payloads(NavSat1 = '2.5', BaysatG2 = '4')

Output:

NavSat1 ||| 250.0
BaysatG2 ||| 400.0

Since the function above would work for any number of dictionary keys, **kwargs makes perfect sense rather than passing arguments with a fixed amount.

def payloads(**kwargs):
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        print( key+" |||", float(value)*100)

sats={"Tx211":"3", "V1":"0.50"}
payloads(**sats)

Output:

Tx211 ||| 300.0
V1 ||| 50.0