﻿ Python: Round a Decimal value to the nearest multiple of 0.10, unless already an exact multiple of 0.05 - w3resource

# Python: Round a Decimal value to the nearest multiple of 0.10, unless already an exact multiple of 0.05

## Python module: Exercise-3 with Solution

Write a Python program to round a decimal value to the nearest multiple of 0.10, unless already an exact multiple of 0.05. Use decimal.Decimal

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

``````from decimal import Decimal
#Source: https://bit.ly/3hEyyY4

def round_to_10_cents(x):
remainder = x.remainder_near(Decimal('0.10'))
if abs(remainder) == Decimal('0.05'):
return x
else:
return x - remainder

# Test code.
for x in range(80, 120):
y = Decimal(x) / Decimal('1E2')
print("{0} rounds to {1}".format(y, round_to_10_cents(y)))
```
```

Sample Output:

```0.80 rounds to 0.80
0.81 rounds to 0.80
0.82 rounds to 0.80
0.83 rounds to 0.80
0.84 rounds to 0.80
0.85 rounds to 0.85
0.86 rounds to 0.90
0.87 rounds to 0.90
0.88 rounds to 0.90
0.89 rounds to 0.90
0.90 rounds to 0.90
0.91 rounds to 0.90
0.92 rounds to 0.90
0.93 rounds to 0.90
0.94 rounds to 0.90
0.95 rounds to 0.95
0.96 rounds to 1.00
0.97 rounds to 1.00
0.98 rounds to 1.00
0.99 rounds to 1.00
1.00 rounds to 1.00
1.01 rounds to 1.00
1.02 rounds to 1.00
1.03 rounds to 1.00
1.04 rounds to 1.00
1.05 rounds to 1.05
1.06 rounds to 1.10
1.07 rounds to 1.10
1.08 rounds to 1.10
1.09 rounds to 1.10
1.10 rounds to 1.10
1.11 rounds to 1.10
1.12 rounds to 1.10
1.13 rounds to 1.10
1.14 rounds to 1.10
1.15 rounds to 1.15
1.16 rounds to 1.20
1.17 rounds to 1.20
1.18 rounds to 1.20
1.19 rounds to 1.20
```

Flowchart: ## Visualize Python code execution:

The following tool visualize what the computer is doing step-by-step as it executes the said program:

Python Code Editor:

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﻿

## Python: Tips of the Day

Inverts a dictionary with non-unique hashable values:

Example:

```def tips_collect_dictionary(obj):
inv_obj = {}
for key, value in obj.items():
inv_obj.setdefault(value, list()).append(key)
return inv_obj
ages = {
"Owen": 25,
"Jhon": 25,
"Pepe": 15,
}
print(tips_collect_dictionary(ages))
```

Output:

```{25: ['Owen', 'Jhon'], 15: ['Pepe']}
```

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