# Advanced NumPy Exercises - Subtract the mean of each column from each element of a 3x3 array

## NumPy: Advanced Exercise-5 with Solution

Write a NumPy program to create a 3x3 array with random values and subtract the mean of each column from each element.

**Sample Solution:**

**Python Code:**

```
import numpy as np
# Generate a 3x3 array with random values
nums = np.random.rand(3, 3)
print("Original array elements:")
print(nums)
# Compute the mean of each column
col_means = np.mean(nums, axis=0)
print("\nMean of each row:")
print(col_means)
# Subtract the mean of each column from each element
print("\nSubtract the mean of each row from each element:")
result = nums - col_means
print(result)
```

Sample Output:

Original array elements: [[0.26932492 0.0151877 0.26077975] [0.07798544 0.31104472 0.37382605] [0.06486036 0.77784151 0.91056512]] Mean of each row: [0.13739024 0.36802464 0.51505697] Subtract the mean of each row from each element: [[ 0.13193468 -0.35283694 -0.25427722] [-0.0594048 -0.05697992 -0.14123093] [-0.07252988 0.40981687 0.39550815]]

**Explanation:**

In the above exercise -

nums = np.random.rand(3, 3): This statement creates a 3x3 array nums filled with random values between 0 and 1.

col_means = np.mean(nums, axis=0): This statement calculates the mean of each column of nums using the np.mean() function and specifying axis=0 as the argument. The resulting array col_means contains the means of each column.

result = nums - col_means: This code subtracts the column means stored in col_means from each element in the corresponding column of nums. This creates a new array result that has been normalized column-wise.

**Python-Numpy Code Editor:**

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**Previous:** Subtract the mean of each row from each element of a 3x3 array.

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## Python: Tips of the Day

**Decapitalizes the first letter of a string:**

Example:

def tips_decapitalize(s, upper_rest=False): return s[:1].lower() + (s[1:].upper() if upper_rest else s[1:]) print(tips_decapitalize('PythonTips')) print(tips_decapitalize('PythonTips', True))

Output:

pythonTips pYTHONTIPS

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