﻿ Optimizing element-wise multiplication of large 2D NumPy arrays

# Optimizing element-wise multiplication of large 2D NumPy arrays

## NumPy: Performance Optimization Exercise-7 with Solution

Write a NumPy program that creates a function to compute the element-wise multiplication of two large 2D arrays using nested for loops. Optimize it using NumPy's vectorized operations.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

``````import numpy as np

# Create two large 2D NumPy arrays with shape (1000, 1000)
array1 = np.random.rand(1000, 1000)
array2 = np.random.rand(1000, 1000)

# Function to compute element-wise multiplication using nested for loops
def elementwise_multiplication_using_loops(arr1, arr2):
rows, cols = arr1.shape
result = np.zeros((rows, cols))
for i in range(rows):
for j in range(cols):
result[i, j] = arr1[i, j] * arr2[i, j]
return result

# Compute the element-wise multiplication using the nested for loops
result_loop = elementwise_multiplication_using_loops(array1, array2)
print("Element-wise multiplication using for loop (first 5x5 block):\n", result_loop[:5, :5])

# Optimize the element-wise multiplication using NumPy's vectorized operations
result_vectorized = array1 * array2
print("Element-wise multiplication using vectorized operations (first 5x5 block):\n", result_vectorized[:5, :5])
``````

Output:

```Element-wise multiplication using for loop (first 5x5 block):
[[0.42591046 0.10735024 0.296129   0.15170064 0.28291849]
[0.12879494 0.34918637 0.05554299 0.05783684 0.22553233]
[0.55246279 0.47389473 0.400696   0.6222842  0.53399356]
[0.3779341  0.52980174 0.26423262 0.04478953 0.0223926 ]
[0.14589255 0.21884822 0.52713264 0.1099746  0.75080976]]
Element-wise multiplication using vectorized operations (first 5x5 block):
[[0.42591046 0.10735024 0.296129   0.15170064 0.28291849]
[0.12879494 0.34918637 0.05554299 0.05783684 0.22553233]
[0.55246279 0.47389473 0.400696   0.6222842  0.53399356]
[0.3779341  0.52980174 0.26423262 0.04478953 0.0223926 ]
[0.14589255 0.21884822 0.52713264 0.1099746  0.75080976]]
```

Explanation:

• Create large arrays: Two large 2D NumPy arrays, each with shape (1000, 1000), are created using np.random.rand().
• Function with nested for loops: A function elementwise_multiplication_using_loops performs element-wise multiplication of the arrays using nested for loops.
• Compute multiplication with loops: The element-wise multiplication is calculated using the nested for loops, and the first 5x5 block of the result is printed.
• Optimize with vectorization: The element-wise multiplication is optimized using NumPy's vectorized operations, and the first 5x5 block of the result is printed.

Python-Numpy Code Editor:

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