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Python: List only directories, files and all directories, files in a specified path

Python Operating System Services: Exercise-2 with Solution

Write a Python program to list only directories, files and all directories, files in a specified path.

Sample Solution:

Python Code :

import os
path = 'g:\\testpath\\'
print("Only directories:")
print([ name for name in os.listdir(path) if os.path.isdir(os.path.join(path, name)) ])
print("\nOnly files:")
print([ name for name in os.listdir(path) if not os.path.isdir(os.path.join(path, name)) ])
print("\nAll directories and files :")
print([ name for name in os.listdir(path)])

Sample Output:

Only directories:
['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f']
Only files:
['p.txt', 'q.txt', 'r.docx', 's.xlsx']
All directories and files :
['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'p.txt', 'q.txt', 'r.docx', 's.xlsx']

Python Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a Python program to get the name of the operating system (Platform independent), information of current operating system, current working directory, print files and directories in the current directory and raises error in the case of invalid or inaccessible file names and paths.
Next: Write a Python program to scan a specified directory and identify the sub directories and files.

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