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Python: Find all words in a given string with n consonants

Python Programming Puzzles: Exercise-43 with Solution

From vocabulary.com:
A consonant is a speech sound that is not a vowel. It also refers to letters of the alphabet that represent those sounds: Z, B, T, G, and H are all consonants. Consonants are all the non-vowel sounds, or their corresponding letters: A, E, I, O, U and sometimes Y are not consonants.

Write a Python program to find all words in a given string with n consonants.

Input: this is our time
Output:
Number of consonants: 3
Words in the said string with 3 consonants:
['this']

Number of consonants: 2
Words in the said string with 2 consonants:
['time']

Number of consonants: 1
Words in the said string with 1 consonants:
['is', 'our']

Pictorial Presentation:

Python: Find all words in a given string with n consonants.

Sample Solution-1:

Python Code:

#License: https://bit.ly/3oLErEI

def test(strs, n):
    return [w for w in strs.split() if sum([c not in "aeiou" for c in w.lower()]) == n]
strs = "this is our time"
print("Original string:",strs)
n = 3
print("Number of consonants:",n)
print("Words in the said string with",n,"consonants:")
print(test(strs, n))
n = 2
print("\nNumber of consonants:",n)
print("Words in the said string with",n,"consonants:")
print(test(strs, n))
n = 1
print("\nNumber of consonants:",n)
print("Words in the said string with",n,"consonants:")
print(test(strs, n))

Sample Output:

Original string: this is our time
Number of consonants: 3
Words in the said string with 3 consonants:
['this']

Number of consonants: 2
Words in the said string with 2 consonants:
['time']

Number of consonants: 1
Words in the said string with 1 consonants:
['is', 'our']

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Python - Find all words in a given string with n consonants.

Visualize Python code execution:

The following tool visualize what the computer is doing step-by-step as it executes the said program:


Sample Solution-2:

Python Code:

def test(strs, n):
   return [w for w in strs.split() if sum(c.lower() not in "aeiou" for c in w) == n]
strs = "this is our time"
print("Original string:",strs)
n = 3
print("Number of consonants:",n)
print("Words in the said string with",n,"consonants:")
print(test(strs, n))
n = 2
print("\nNumber of consonants:",n)
print("Words in the said string with",n,"consonants:")
print(test(strs, n))
n = 1
print("\nNumber of consonants:",n)
print("Words in the said string with",n,"consonants:")
print(test(strs, n)) 

Sample Output:

Original string: this is our time
Number of consonants: 3
Words in the said string with 3 consonants:
['this']

Number of consonants: 2
Words in the said string with 2 consonants:
['time']

Number of consonants: 1
Words in the said string with 1 consonants:
['is', 'our']

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Python - Find all words in a given string with n consonants.

Visualize Python code execution:

The following tool visualize what the computer is doing step-by-step as it executes the said program:


Python Code Editor :

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Python: Tips of the Day

Clamps num within the inclusive range specified by the boundary values x and y:

Example:

def tips_clamp_num(num,x,y):
  return max(min(num, max(x, y)), min(x, y))
print(tips_clamp_num(2, 4, 6))
print(tips_clamp_num(1, -1, -6))

Output:

4
-1