﻿ Python: Get a string made of the first 2 and the last 2 chars from a given a string - w3resource

# Python: Get a string made of the first 2 and the last 2 chars from a given a string

## Python String: Exercise-3 with Solution

Write a Python program to get a string made of the first 2 and the last 2 chars from a given a string. If the string length is less than 2, return instead of the empty string.

Sample Solution:-

Python Code:

``````def string_both_ends(str):
if len(str) < 2:
return ''

return str[0:2] + str[-2:]

print(string_both_ends('w3resource'))
print(string_both_ends('w3'))
print(string_both_ends('w'))
```
```

Sample Output:

```w3ce
w3w3
```

Flowchart:

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## Python: Tips of the Day

Check if a given key already exists in a dictionary:

In is the intended way to test for the existence of a key in a dict.

```d = {"key1": 10, "key2": 23}

if "key1" in d:
print("this will execute")

if "nonexistent key" in d:
print("this will not")
```

If you wanted a default, you can always use dict.get():

```d = dict()

for i in range(100):
key = i % 10
d[key] = d.get(key, 0) + 1
```

and if you wanted to always ensure a default value for any key you can either use dict.setdefault() repeatedly or defaultdict from the collections module, like so:

```from collections import defaultdict

d = defaultdict(int)

for i in range(100):
d[i % 10] += 1
```

but in general, the in keyword is the best way to do it.

Ref: https://bit.ly/2XPMRyz