﻿ SQL: Departments where maximum number of employees work

# SQL Exercise: Departments where maximum number of employees work

## SQL subqueries on employee Database: Exercise-29 with Solution

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29. From the following table, write a SQL query to find those departments where maximum number of employees work. Return department ID, department name, location and number of employees.

Sample table: employees

Sample table: department

Sample Solution:

``````SELECT d.dep_id,
d.dep_name,
d.dep_location,
count(*)
FROM employees e,
department d
WHERE e.dep_id = d.dep_id
GROUP BY d.dep_id
HAVING count(*) =
(SELECT MAX (mycount)
FROM
(SELECT COUNT(*) mycount
FROM employees
GROUP BY dep_id) a);
``````

OR

``````SELECT *
FROM department
WHERE dep_id IN
(SELECT dep_id
FROM employees
GROUP BY dep_id
HAVING count(*) IN
(SELECT MAX (mycount)
FROM
(SELECT COUNT(*) mycount
FROM employees
GROUP BY dep_id) a));
``````

Sample Output:

``` dep_id | dep_name  | dep_location | count
--------+-----------+--------------+-------
3001 | MARKETING | PERTH        |     6
(1 row)
```

Explanation:

The said query in SQL that retrieves information about departments that is department ID, name, location, and the number of employees in each department and their employee counts.

The query filters the result to only include departments where the number of employees is equal to the maximum number of employees across all departments.

The query joins the 'employees' and 'department' tables based on the "dep_id" column. It then groups the result by department ID, and computes the count of employees in each group using the count(*) function.

The "HAVING" clause filters the result to include only those departments where the employee count matches the maximum employee count across all departments obtained from a subquery.

The subquery that first groups all employees by department and computes the count, and then selects the maximum count using the "MAX" function.

## Practice Online

Structure of employee Database:

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