w3resource

C Exercises: Subtraction of two Matrices

C Array: Exercise-20 with Solution

Write a program in C for subtraction of two Matrices.

Pictorial Presentation:

C Exercises: Subtraction of two Matrices

Sample Solution:

C Code:

#include <stdio.h>

void main()
{
  int arr1[50][50],brr1[50][50],crr1[50][50],i,j,n;
  
       printf("\n\nSubtraction of two Matrices :\n");
       printf("------------------------------\n");  
        printf("Input the size of the square matrix (less than 5): ");
       scanf("%d", &n); 
  
    /* Stored values into the array*/
       printf("Input elements in the first matrix :\n");
       for(i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            for(j=0;j<n;j++)
            {
	           printf("element - [%d],[%d] : ",i,j);
	           scanf("%d",&arr1[i][j]);
            }
        }   
  
       printf("Input elements in the second matrix :\n");
       for(i=0;i<n;i++)
        {
            for(j=0;j<n;j++)
            {
	           printf("element - [%d],[%d] : ",i,j);
	           scanf("%d",&brr1[i][j]);
            }
        }    
   printf("\nThe First matrix is :\n");
  for(i=0;i<n;i++)
    {
      printf("\n");
      for(j=0;j<n;j++)
           printf("%d\t",arr1[i][j]);
    }
  
  printf("\nThe Second matrix is :\n");
  for(i=0;i<n;i++)
    {
      printf("\n");
      for(j=0;j<n;j++)
      printf("%d\t",brr1[i][j]);
    }
/* calculate the subtraction of the matrix */   
   for(i=0;i<n;i++)
       for(j=0;j<n;j++)
            crr1[i][j]=arr1[i][j]-brr1[i][j];
   printf("\nThe Subtraction of two matrix is : \n");
   for(i=0;i<n;i++){
       printf("\n");
       for(j=0;j<n;j++)
            printf("%d\t",crr1[i][j]);
   }
   printf("\n\n");
}

Sample Output:

Subtraction of two Matrices :                                                                                 
------------------------------                                                                                
Input the size of the square matrix (less than 5): 2                                                          
Input elements in the first matrix :                                                                          
element - [0],[0] : 5                                                                                         
element - [0],[1] : 6                                                                                         
element - [1],[0] : 7                                                                                         
element - [1],[1] : 8                                                                                         
Input elements in the second matrix :                                                                         
element - [0],[0] : 1                                                                                         
element - [0],[1] : 2                                                                                         
element - [1],[0] : 3                                                                                         
element - [1],[1] : 4                                                                                         
                                                                                                              
The First matrix is :                                                                                         
5       6                                                                                                     
7       8                                                                                                     
The Second matrix is : 
1       2                                                                                                     
3       4                                                                                                     
The Subtraction of two matrix is :                                                                                                                          
4       4                                                                                                     
4       4                    

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Subtraction of two Matrices.

C Programming Code Editor:

Improve this sample solution and post your code through Disqus.

Previous: Write a program in C for addition of two Matrices of same size.
Next: Write a program in C for multiplication of two square Matrices.

What is the difficulty level of this exercise?



Inviting useful, relevant, well-written and unique guest posts