﻿ C Program: Calculate the harmonic series and their sum - w3resource

# C Exercises: Calculate the harmonic series and their sum

## C For Loop: Exercise-19 with Solution

Write a program in C to display the n terms of a harmonic series and their sum.
The series is : 1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 ... 1/n terms

This C program displays the first n terms of a harmonic series and calculates their sum. The harmonic series is represented as 1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 ... 1/n. The program will prompt the user to input the value of n, then use a loop to compute and display each term, as well as the cumulative sum of the series.

Visual Presentation:

Sample Solution:

C Code:

``````#include <stdio.h>  // Include the standard input/output header file.

void main()
{
int i, n;      // Declare variables to store input and loop control.
float s = 0.0; // Initialize 's' to 0.0 to accumulate the sum.

// Prompt the user to input the number of terms.
printf("Input the number of terms : ");
scanf("%d", &n);  // Read the value of 'n' from the user.

printf("\n\n");  // Print extra new lines for formatting.

// Loop to calculate the sum of the series.
for (i = 1; i <= n; i++)
{
if (i < n)
{
printf("1/%d + ", i);      // Print the term with a plus sign.
s += 1 / (float)i;       // Calculate and add the term to the sum.
}
if (i == n)
{
printf("1/%d ", i);      // Print the last term without a plus sign.
s += 1 / (float)i;       // Calculate and add the term to the sum.
}
}

// Print the final result.
printf("\nSum of Series upto %d terms : %f \n", n, s);
}
```
```

Output:

```Input the number of terms : 5

1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5
Sum of Series upto 5 terms : 2.283334
```

Flowchart:

C Programming Code Editor:

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