﻿ C++ Exercises: Check if a number is Harshad Number or not - w3resource

# C++ Exercises: Check if a number is Harshad Number or not

## C++ Numbers: Exercise-20 with Solution

Write a program in C++ to check if a number is Harshad Number or not.

Sample Solution:

C++ Code :

``````#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
{
int s = 0;
int tmp;
for (tmp=n; tmp>0; tmp /= 10)
s += tmp % 10;
return (n%s == 0);
}

int main()
{
int hdno;
cout << "\n\n Check whether a number is Harshad Number or not: \n";
cout << " ---------------------------------------------------\n";
cout << " Input a number: ";
cin >> hdno;

cout << " The given number is a Harshad Number."<<endl;
else
cout << " The given number is not a Harshad Number."<<endl;
return 0;

}
``````

Sample Output:

```Check whether a number is Harshad Number or not:
---------------------------------------------------
Input a number: 18
The given number is a Harshad Number.
```

Flowchart:

C++ Code Editor:

What is the difficulty level of this exercise?

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## C++ Programming: Tips of the Day

How to use the PI constant in C++?

On some (especially older) platforms (see the comments below) you might need to

#define _USE_MATH_DEFINES and then include the necessary header file:
`#include<math.h>`

and the value of pi can be accessed via:

`M_PI`

In math.h (2014) it is defined as:

`# define M_PI           3.14159265358979323846  /* pi */`

but check your math.h for more. An extract from the "old" math.h (in 2009):

```/* Define _USE_MATH_DEFINES before including math.h to expose these macro
* definitions for common math constants.  These are placed under an #ifdef
* since these commonly-defined names are not part of the C/C++ standards.
*/```

However:

1. on newer platforms (at least on my 64 bit Ubuntu 14.04) I do not need to define the _USE_MATH_DEFINES
2. On (recent) Linux platforms there are long double values too provided as a GNU Extension:
`# define M_PIl          3.14159265358979323846`

Ref: https://bit.ly/3G4BgzQ