﻿ C++ : Find Narcissistic decimal numbers within a range

# C++ Exercises: Find Narcissistic decimal numbers within a specific range

## C++ Numbers: Exercise-37 with Solution

Write a program in C++ to find Narcissistic decimal numbers within a specific range.

Sample Solution:

C++ Code :

``````#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
int nl,nu;
cout << "\n\n Find the Narcissistic decimal numbers between a specific range: \n";
cout << " --------------------------------------------------------------------\n";
cout << " Input the lower limit: ";
cin>>nl;
cout << " Input a upper limit: ";
cin>>nu;
cout << " The Narcissistic decimal numbers between "<<nl<<" and "<<nu<<" are: \n";
int i,ctr,j,orn,n,m,sum;
for(orn=nl;orn<=nu;orn++)
{
ctr=0;
sum=0;
n=orn;
while(n>0)
{
n=n/10;
ctr++;
}
n=orn;
while(n>0)
{
m=n % 10;
sum=sum+pow(m,ctr);
n=n/10;
}
if(sum==orn)
{
cout<<" "<<orn<<" ";
}
}
cout<<endl;
}
``````

Sample Output:

```Find the Narcissistic decimal numbers between a specific range:
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Input the lower limit: 25
Input a upper limit: 200
The Narcissistic decimal numbers between 25 and 200 are:
153
```

Flowchart:

C++ Code Editor:

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## C++ Programming: Tips of the Day

How to use the PI constant in C++?

On some (especially older) platforms (see the comments below) you might need to

#define _USE_MATH_DEFINES and then include the necessary header file:
`#include<math.h>`

and the value of pi can be accessed via:

`M_PI`

In math.h (2014) it is defined as:

`# define M_PI           3.14159265358979323846  /* pi */`

but check your math.h for more. An extract from the "old" math.h (in 2009):

```/* Define _USE_MATH_DEFINES before including math.h to expose these macro
* definitions for common math constants.  These are placed under an #ifdef
* since these commonly-defined names are not part of the C/C++ standards.
*/```

However:

1. on newer platforms (at least on my 64 bit Ubuntu 14.04) I do not need to define the _USE_MATH_DEFINES
2. On (recent) Linux platforms there are long double values too provided as a GNU Extension:
`# define M_PIl          3.14159265358979323846`

Ref: https://bit.ly/3G4BgzQ