w3resource

HTML meta tag and element

1. HTML meta element contains information about an HTML document.

2. The information contained by meta element can not be presented by using any other meta elements (base, link, meta, script, style, and title.)

Syntax

<meta attrbiute="value" >

Category

HTML meta element is part of the global structure of an HTML page.

Whether both start and end tags are required

Start tag is required, end tag is not.

Can contain

HTML meta element can not contain any other element.

Can reside within

HTML meta element can reside within head element only.

Attributes

Attributes specific to this element

name: This attribute specifies a name which provides information for the entire document. The value of this attribute is relevant to the value of the content. If this attribute is set, same meta element can not contain http-equiv attribute.

The following table provides a list of the values.

Values Description
application-name Defines the name of the web application running in the webdocument.
author Defines the name of the author of the document.
description Specifies a short but appropriate summary of the content of the webdocument. Several browsers and search engines use this meta as the consider this as the default description of the page.
generator Contains the identifier to the software that generated the webdocument.
keywords Contain a comma separated list of words relevant to the content of the webdocument.

Example of using name attribute in meta element

<meta name="author" content="w3resource"> <meta name="copyright" content="w3resource.com"> <meta name="keywords" content="meta tag ,html tutorials,w3resource"> <meta name="description" content="html meta tag tuotrial ">

The name attribute may also have extended values taken. Two of those values are described bellow.

Values Description
expires Defines the expiration date of the webdocument
robot Specifies a comma-separated list of operators defining how crawlers (of search engines) should see the content
.

If robot is set as the value of the name attribute, the value of the content attribute may be one of the following.

Values Description Which Search Engine use it
index Allows the robot to index the webdocument. All
noindex Prohibits the robot to index the page. All
follow Allows the robot to follow the links of the webdocument. All
nofollow Prohibits the robot from following the links of the webdocument. All
noodp Prevents the usage of the Open Directory Project description, if used, as the description of the page in the search engine results page. Google, Yahoo, Bing
noarchive Prohibits the search engine from caching the content of the webdocument. Google, Yahoo
nosnippet If used, search engines will not display the description of the page in search engine result page. Google
noimageindex If used. the webdocument is not used as a reference to any image indexed by search engines. Google
noydir Prevents the usage of the Yahoo Directory description, if used, as the description of the page in the search engine results page. Yahoo
nocache Same as noarchive. Bing

Example of using expires name attribute in meta element

<meta name="expires" content="1 January 2020 ">

Example of using robot name attribute in meta element to set a page nofollow

<meta name="robot" content="nofollow"> 

content: Value of this attribute contains the values for the attribute set in the name property.

scheme: Specifies a scheme which can be used to represent the value of the content attribute.

Example of using scheme attribute in meta element

<meta scheme="ISBN" content="81-265-0521-4"> 

http-equiv: Provides an HTTP header for the information in the content attribute.

Example of using http-equiv attribute in meta element

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-5"> 

Identifiers

Does not support.

Language information and text direction

lang, dir.

Title

Does not support.

Style

Does not support.

Events

HTML html element does not support event attributes.

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