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Java Array Exercises: Get the difference between the largest and smallest values in an array of integers

Java Array: Exercise-28 with Solution

Write a Java program to get the difference between the largest and smallest values in an array of integers. The length of the array must be 1 and above.

Pictorial Presentation:

Java Array Exercises: Get the difference between the largest and smallest values in an array of integers

Sample Solution:

Java Code:

import java.util.Arrays; 
 public class Exercise28 {
 public static void main(String[] args)
 {
    int[] array_nums = {5, 7, 2, 4, 9};
	System.out.println("Original Array: "+Arrays.toString(array_nums)); 
	int max_val = array_nums[0];
	int min = array_nums[0];
	for(int i = 1; i < array_nums.length; i++)
	{
		if(array_nums[i] > max_val)
			max_val = array_nums[i];
		else if(array_nums[i] < min)
			min = array_nums[i];
	}
	System.out.println("Difference between the largest and smallest values of the said array: "+(max_val-min));	
 }
}

Sample Output:

                                                                              
Original Array: [5, 7, 2, 4, 9]                                        
Difference between the largest and smallest values of the said array: 7

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Java exercises: Get the difference between the largest and smallest values in an array of integers

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Previous: Write a Java program to find the number of even and odd integers in a given array of integers.
Next: Write a Java program to compute the average value of an array of integers except the largest and smallest values.

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Java: Tips of the Day

Array vs ArrayLists:

The main difference between these two is that an Array is of fixed size so once you have created an Array you cannot change it but the ArrayList is not of fixed size. You can create instances of ArrayLists without specifying its size. So if you create such instances of an ArrayList without specifying its size Java will create an instance of an ArrayList of default size.

Once an ArrayList is full it re-sizes itself. In fact, an ArrayList is internally supported by an array. So when an ArrayList is resized it will slow down its performance a bit as the contents of the old Array must be copied to a new Array.

At the same time, it's compulsory to specify the size of an Array directly or indirectly while creating it. And also Arrays can store both primitives and objects while ArrayLists only can store objects.

Ref: https://bit.ly/3o8L2KH