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JavaScript: Get all indices of values in an array

JavaScript fundamental (ES6 Syntax): Exercise-216 with Solution

Write a JavaScript program to get all indices of val in an array. If val never occurs, returns [].

  • Use Array.prototype.reduce() to loop over elements and store indexes for matching elements.

Sample Solution:

JavaScript Code:

//#Source https://bit.ly/2neWfJ2 
const indexOfAll = (arr, val) => arr.reduce((acc, el, i) => (el === val ? [...acc, i] : acc), []);

console.log(indexOfAll([1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3], 1));
console.log(indexOfAll([1, 2, 3], 4));

Sample Output:

[0,3]
[]

Pictorial Presentation:

JavaScript Fundamental: Get all indices of values in an array.

Flowchart:

flowchart: Get all indices of val in an array. If val never occurs, returns [].

Live Demo:

See the Pen javascript-basic-exercise-216-1 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


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JavaScript: Tips of the Day

Checking if a key exists in a JavaScript object?

Checking for undefined-ness is not an accurate way of testing whether a key exists. What if the key exists but the value is actually undefined?

var obj = { key: undefined };
obj["key"] !== undefined // false, but the key exists!

You should instead use the in operator:

"key" in obj // true, regardless of the actual value

If you want to check if a key doesn't exist, remember to use parenthesis:

!("key" in obj) // true if "key" doesn't exist in object
!"key" in obj   // ERROR!  Equivalent to "false in obj"

Or, if you want to particularly test for properties of the object instance (and not inherited properties), use hasOwnProperty:

obj.hasOwnProperty("key") // true

Checking for undefined-ness is not an accurate way of testing whether a key exists. What if the key exists but the value is actually undefined? var obj = { key: undefined }; obj["key"] !== undefined // false, but the key exists! You should instead use the in operator: "key" in obj // true, regardless of the actual value If you want to check if a key doesn't exist, remember to use parenthesis: !("key" in obj) // true if "key" doesn't exist in object !"key" in obj // ERROR! Equivalent to "false in obj" Or, if you want to particularly test for properties of the object instance (and not inherited properties), use hasOwnProperty: obj.hasOwnProperty("key") // true For performance comparison between the methods that are in, hasOwnProperty and key is undefined.

Ref: https://bit.ly/2CFNp1X