w3resource

JavaScript: encodeURIComponent functions

Description

The encodeURIComponent function is used to encodes a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) component by replacing each instance of certain characters by one, two or three escape sequences representing the UTF-8 encoding of the character.

encodeURIComponent escapes all characters except the following:
alphabetic, decimal digits, - _ . ! ~ * ' ( )

Syntax

encodeURIComponent(str1)

Parameters

str1: A complete, encoded Uniform Resource Identifier.

Example encodeURIComponent Functions

In the following web document encodeURIComponent() function is used to encode a URL parameter.

JavaScript Code:

xyz = encodeURIComponent("http://myw3r.com/x=31&y=21");
//Lets create an URL
url1 = "https://w3resource.com/xyz=" + xyz + "&xyz3=45";
//Here is the complete URL
console.log(url1);

View the example in the browser

Live demo

See the Pen encodeURIComponent-function-1 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


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JavaScript: Tips of the Day

semicolon (;)

function nums(a, b) {
  if (a > b) console.log('a is bigger');
  else console.log('b is bigger');
  return;
  a + b;
}

console.log(nums(4, 2));
console.log(nums(1, 2));

In JavaScript, we don't have to write the semicolon (;) explicitly, however the JavaScript engine still adds them after statements. This is called Automatic Semicolon Insertion. A statement can for example be variables, or keywords like throw, return, break, etc.
Here, we wrote a return statement, and another value a + b on a new line. However, since it's a new line, the engine doesn't know that it's actually the value that we wanted to return. Instead, it automatically added a semicolon after return. You could see this as:

return;
a + b;
This means that a + b is never reached, since a function stops running after the return keyword. If no value gets returned, like here, the function returns undefined. Note that there is no automatic insertion after if/else statements!

Ref: https://bit.ly/3jFRBje